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Go deeper, go deeper: understanding submarine command and control during the completion of dived tracking operations

Go deeper, go deeper: understanding submarine command and control during the completion of dived tracking operations
Go deeper, go deeper: understanding submarine command and control during the completion of dived tracking operations

This is a world's first-of-a-kind study providing empirical evidence for understanding submarine control room performance when completing higher and lower demand Dived Tracking (DT) scenarios. A submarine control room simulator was built, using a non-commercial version of Dangerous Waters as the simulation engine. The creation of networked workstations allowed a team of nine operators to perform tasks completed by submarine command teams during DT. The Event Analysis of Systemic Teamwork (EAST) method was used to model the social, task and information networks and describe command team performance. Ten teams were recruited for the study, affording statistical comparisons of how command team roles and level of demand affected performance. Results indicate that command teams can covertly DT a contact differently depending on demand (e.g. volume of contacts). In low demand it was possible to use periscope more often than in high demand, in a ‘duck-and-run’ fashion. Therefore, the type of information and frequency of particular task completion, was significantly different between the higher and lower demand conditions. This resulted in different operators in the command team experiencing greater demand depending on how the DT mission objective was completed. Potential bottlenecks in the command team were identified and implications are discussed alongside suggestions for future work.

Command and control, Networks, Submarine, Team work
0003-6870
162-175
Roberts, Aaron P.J.
a2fb35d9-a42f-4a07-848d-01cecae9d893
Stanton, Neville A.
351a44ab-09a0-422a-a738-01df1fe0fadd
Fay, Daniel T.
7db57379-3af4-4554-9358-717ffec9df48
Roberts, Aaron P.J.
a2fb35d9-a42f-4a07-848d-01cecae9d893
Stanton, Neville A.
351a44ab-09a0-422a-a738-01df1fe0fadd
Fay, Daniel T.
7db57379-3af4-4554-9358-717ffec9df48

Roberts, Aaron P.J., Stanton, Neville A. and Fay, Daniel T. (2018) Go deeper, go deeper: understanding submarine command and control during the completion of dived tracking operations. Applied Ergonomics, 69, 162-175. (doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2018.02.003).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This is a world's first-of-a-kind study providing empirical evidence for understanding submarine control room performance when completing higher and lower demand Dived Tracking (DT) scenarios. A submarine control room simulator was built, using a non-commercial version of Dangerous Waters as the simulation engine. The creation of networked workstations allowed a team of nine operators to perform tasks completed by submarine command teams during DT. The Event Analysis of Systemic Teamwork (EAST) method was used to model the social, task and information networks and describe command team performance. Ten teams were recruited for the study, affording statistical comparisons of how command team roles and level of demand affected performance. Results indicate that command teams can covertly DT a contact differently depending on demand (e.g. volume of contacts). In low demand it was possible to use periscope more often than in high demand, in a ‘duck-and-run’ fashion. Therefore, the type of information and frequency of particular task completion, was significantly different between the higher and lower demand conditions. This resulted in different operators in the command team experiencing greater demand depending on how the DT mission objective was completed. Potential bottlenecks in the command team were identified and implications are discussed alongside suggestions for future work.

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Roberts_2018_Go Deeper Go Deeper Understanding submarine command and control during the completion of dived tracking operations - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 5 February 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 21 February 2018
Published date: 1 May 2018
Keywords: Command and control, Networks, Submarine, Team work

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 419007
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/419007
ISSN: 0003-6870
PURE UUID: 0941030f-b975-4998-9540-885f5ece571c
ORCID for Neville A. Stanton: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8562-3279

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 27 Mar 2018 16:31
Last modified: 18 Feb 2021 17:13

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