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Socioeconomically disadvantaged adolescents and educational delay in two provinces in South Africa: impacts of personal, family and school characteristics

Socioeconomically disadvantaged adolescents and educational delay in two provinces in South Africa: impacts of personal, family and school characteristics
Socioeconomically disadvantaged adolescents and educational delay in two provinces in South Africa: impacts of personal, family and school characteristics
No quantitative studies to date have specifically focused on the risk and protective factors for the educational resilience of socioeconomically disadvantaged adolescents who are not of compulsory school age in South Africa. This study compares the educational delay of 599 black adolescents aged 16 to 18 from socioeconomically disadvantaged communities in Western Cape and Mpumalanga to nationally and provincially representative estimates in South Africa. The paper also explores predictors for educational delay by comparing out-of-school adolescents (n = 64), and adolescents who are at least one year behind in school (n = 380), with adolescents in the age-appropriate grade or higher (n = 155). Risk factors for being behind included the following: male gender, past grade repetition, rural location and larger school size. Risk factors for being out of school were the following: past grade repetition, previous concentration problems at school, household poverty, and food insecurity. Protective factors for being in the age-appropriate grade included the following: living with biological caregivers, access to school counselling and attending schools in wealthier communities.
age-appropriate enrolment, ecological approach, educational delay, multinomial logistic regression, socioeconomic disadvantage
1947-9417
1-33
Herrero Romero, R.
e72a6c6f-2cc8-4fef-9f5f-cd9f2a0100fa
Cluver, L.
cf7d64e0-8909-49f1-a94e-12c412539bd9
Hall, J.
29e17a2b-dca0-4b91-be02-2ace4abaa6c4
Steinert, J.
f53e3ba4-0500-4249-9724-b97c53a6387a
Herrero Romero, R.
e72a6c6f-2cc8-4fef-9f5f-cd9f2a0100fa
Cluver, L.
cf7d64e0-8909-49f1-a94e-12c412539bd9
Hall, J.
29e17a2b-dca0-4b91-be02-2ace4abaa6c4
Steinert, J.
f53e3ba4-0500-4249-9724-b97c53a6387a

Herrero Romero, R., Cluver, L., Hall, J. and Steinert, J. (2018) Socioeconomically disadvantaged adolescents and educational delay in two provinces in South Africa: impacts of personal, family and school characteristics. Education as Change, 22 (1), 1-33. (doi:10.25159/1947-9417/2308).

Record type: Article

Abstract

No quantitative studies to date have specifically focused on the risk and protective factors for the educational resilience of socioeconomically disadvantaged adolescents who are not of compulsory school age in South Africa. This study compares the educational delay of 599 black adolescents aged 16 to 18 from socioeconomically disadvantaged communities in Western Cape and Mpumalanga to nationally and provincially representative estimates in South Africa. The paper also explores predictors for educational delay by comparing out-of-school adolescents (n = 64), and adolescents who are at least one year behind in school (n = 380), with adolescents in the age-appropriate grade or higher (n = 155). Risk factors for being behind included the following: male gender, past grade repetition, rural location and larger school size. Risk factors for being out of school were the following: past grade repetition, previous concentration problems at school, household poverty, and food insecurity. Protective factors for being in the age-appropriate grade included the following: living with biological caregivers, access to school counselling and attending schools in wealthier communities.

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Accepted/In Press date: 1 May 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 28 May 2018
Published date: 28 May 2018
Keywords: age-appropriate enrolment, ecological approach, educational delay, multinomial logistic regression, socioeconomic disadvantage

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 421333
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/421333
ISSN: 1947-9417
PURE UUID: 0ac443b1-0fde-49bd-b765-1509c2cccbfc
ORCID for J. Hall: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-8002-0922

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Date deposited: 01 Jun 2018 16:30
Last modified: 20 Jul 2019 00:26

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