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Characteristics of patients with ankle sprain presenting to an emergency department in the south of England (UK): a seven-month review

Characteristics of patients with ankle sprain presenting to an emergency department in the south of England (UK): a seven-month review
Characteristics of patients with ankle sprain presenting to an emergency department in the south of England (UK): a seven-month review
Introduction: there is lack of evidence about ankle sprain patients presenting to emergency department (ED) in the UK. The study aim was to determine prevalence, demographic and clinical characteristics of patients attending to one ED. Knowing those characteristics may help setting prevention strategies and inform effective clinical practice.

Methods: a retrospective review of records from patients’ database system was conducted between May and November 2015 (inclusive).

Results: 909 new patients with ankle sprain were recorded during the study period. Patients had a median age of 27 years (IQR 20). Men aged between 14 and 37 years had higher percentage of injuries compared to women of a similar age. Overall prevalence of injury was equally distributed between men and women. Most patients were sent to radiography department for ankle/foot X-ray (89%). Over half of patients (58%) were sent home with no follow-up treatment. A subsample (n = 106) from the original sample (n = 909) showed a variety of causes of injury such as tripping (29%), non-specific injury (26.4%), sports (26%), walking (12.2%) and other accidental causes (6%). Football was the most prevalent sport (13%).

Conclusions: prevention strategies, appropriate assessment tools and tailored rehabilitation programs are warranted to reduce number of patients and potential chronic symptoms.
1755-599X
Al Bimani, Saed, Abdulla Zahir
7ee3d6ed-45aa-42c0-93f0-0c8fb9e6e12a
Gates, Lucy
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Warner, Martin
f4dce73d-fb87-4f71-a3f0-078123aa040c
Ewings, Sean
326656df-c0f0-44a1-b64f-8fe9578ca18a
Crouch, Robert
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Bowen, Catherine
fd85c3c5-96d9-49b8-86c6-caa94e1a222b
Al Bimani, Saed, Abdulla Zahir
7ee3d6ed-45aa-42c0-93f0-0c8fb9e6e12a
Gates, Lucy
bc67b8b8-110b-4358-8e1b-6f1d345bd503
Warner, Martin
f4dce73d-fb87-4f71-a3f0-078123aa040c
Ewings, Sean
326656df-c0f0-44a1-b64f-8fe9578ca18a
Crouch, Robert
0f783826-742d-490c-9689-2693172293bb
Bowen, Catherine
fd85c3c5-96d9-49b8-86c6-caa94e1a222b

Al Bimani, Saed, Abdulla Zahir, Gates, Lucy, Warner, Martin, Ewings, Sean, Crouch, Robert and Bowen, Catherine (2018) Characteristics of patients with ankle sprain presenting to an emergency department in the south of England (UK): a seven-month review. International Emergency Nursing. (doi:10.1016/j.ienj.2018.05.008).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Introduction: there is lack of evidence about ankle sprain patients presenting to emergency department (ED) in the UK. The study aim was to determine prevalence, demographic and clinical characteristics of patients attending to one ED. Knowing those characteristics may help setting prevention strategies and inform effective clinical practice.

Methods: a retrospective review of records from patients’ database system was conducted between May and November 2015 (inclusive).

Results: 909 new patients with ankle sprain were recorded during the study period. Patients had a median age of 27 years (IQR 20). Men aged between 14 and 37 years had higher percentage of injuries compared to women of a similar age. Overall prevalence of injury was equally distributed between men and women. Most patients were sent to radiography department for ankle/foot X-ray (89%). Over half of patients (58%) were sent home with no follow-up treatment. A subsample (n = 106) from the original sample (n = 909) showed a variety of causes of injury such as tripping (29%), non-specific injury (26.4%), sports (26%), walking (12.2%) and other accidental causes (6%). Football was the most prevalent sport (13%).

Conclusions: prevention strategies, appropriate assessment tools and tailored rehabilitation programs are warranted to reduce number of patients and potential chronic symptoms.

Text
Characteristics of patients with ankle sprain presenting to an emergency department in the south of England (UK): A seven-month review - Accepted Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only until 31 May 2019.
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Accepted/In Press date: 31 May 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 7 June 2018

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 421880
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/421880
ISSN: 1755-599X
PURE UUID: 75e13616-efe4-46ed-af45-0717a31cdaee
ORCID for Lucy Gates: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8627-3418
ORCID for Martin Warner: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1483-0561
ORCID for Sean Ewings: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-7214-4917
ORCID for Catherine Bowen: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-7252-9515

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Date deposited: 05 Jul 2018 16:30
Last modified: 20 Mar 2019 01:32

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