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How does exposure to violence affect school delay and academic motivation for adolescents living in socioeconomically disadvantaged communities in South Africa?

How does exposure to violence affect school delay and academic motivation for adolescents living in socioeconomically disadvantaged communities in South Africa?
How does exposure to violence affect school delay and academic motivation for adolescents living in socioeconomically disadvantaged communities in South Africa?
To date, little is known about the effects of violence on the educational outcomes of adolescents in disadvantaged communities in South Africa. In response, self-report data were collected from a socioeconomically disadvantaged sample of 503 adolescents aged 10 to 18 participating in a child abuse prevention trial in the Eastern Cape. Adolescents were purposively selected in the trial. This study applies Latent Profile Analysis (LPA) to examine relationships between past-month exposure to violence, school delay, and academic motivation. About 93.8% of adolescents in the sample experienced poly-violence—exposure to at least two forms of violence in the past month. Results identified two distinct profiles in the socioeconomically disadvantaged sample: Profile 1, adolescents exposed to more frequent poly-violence, and Profile 2, adolescents exposed to less frequent poly-violence. Being exposed to more frequent poly-violence was associated with greater risk of school delay—based on age-appropriate grade in South Africa. However, being exposed to more frequent poly-violence was not associated with lower academic motivation—adolescents showed high rates of wanting to achieve. Our findings suggest that exposure to more frequent poly-violence increases risk of school delay among adolescents from disadvantaged communities, while not affecting their academic motivation. Thus, although adolescents maintained aspirations and goals to do well at school, exposure to high frequency of violence affected their capacity to fulfill these aims.
violence, academic motivation, school delay, adolescence, disadvantaged communities, South Africa, latent profile analysis
0886-2605
Herrero Romero, Rocio
e72a6c6f-2cc8-4fef-9f5f-cd9f2a0100fa
Hall, James
29e17a2b-dca0-4b91-be02-2ace4abaa6c4
Cluver, Lucie
cf7d64e0-8909-49f1-a94e-12c412539bd9
Meinck, Franziska
00114f0e-dfb9-4f4b-9daa-eb6dca53f45b
Hinde, Eleanor
a5066d62-d4fd-4eea-8eb2-fb5b073d795a
Herrero Romero, Rocio
e72a6c6f-2cc8-4fef-9f5f-cd9f2a0100fa
Hall, James
29e17a2b-dca0-4b91-be02-2ace4abaa6c4
Cluver, Lucie
cf7d64e0-8909-49f1-a94e-12c412539bd9
Meinck, Franziska
00114f0e-dfb9-4f4b-9daa-eb6dca53f45b
Hinde, Eleanor
a5066d62-d4fd-4eea-8eb2-fb5b073d795a

Herrero Romero, Rocio, Hall, James, Cluver, Lucie, Meinck, Franziska and Hinde, Eleanor (2018) How does exposure to violence affect school delay and academic motivation for adolescents living in socioeconomically disadvantaged communities in South Africa? Journal of Interpersonal Violence. (doi:10.1177/0886260518779597).

Record type: Article

Abstract

To date, little is known about the effects of violence on the educational outcomes of adolescents in disadvantaged communities in South Africa. In response, self-report data were collected from a socioeconomically disadvantaged sample of 503 adolescents aged 10 to 18 participating in a child abuse prevention trial in the Eastern Cape. Adolescents were purposively selected in the trial. This study applies Latent Profile Analysis (LPA) to examine relationships between past-month exposure to violence, school delay, and academic motivation. About 93.8% of adolescents in the sample experienced poly-violence—exposure to at least two forms of violence in the past month. Results identified two distinct profiles in the socioeconomically disadvantaged sample: Profile 1, adolescents exposed to more frequent poly-violence, and Profile 2, adolescents exposed to less frequent poly-violence. Being exposed to more frequent poly-violence was associated with greater risk of school delay—based on age-appropriate grade in South Africa. However, being exposed to more frequent poly-violence was not associated with lower academic motivation—adolescents showed high rates of wanting to achieve. Our findings suggest that exposure to more frequent poly-violence increases risk of school delay among adolescents from disadvantaged communities, while not affecting their academic motivation. Thus, although adolescents maintained aspirations and goals to do well at school, exposure to high frequency of violence affected their capacity to fulfill these aims.

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Accepted/In Press date: 7 May 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 18 June 2018
Keywords: violence, academic motivation, school delay, adolescence, disadvantaged communities, South Africa, latent profile analysis

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 421882
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/421882
ISSN: 0886-2605
PURE UUID: beeb205e-5a83-49de-aa61-b60d6305fb5a
ORCID for James Hall: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-8002-0922

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Date deposited: 05 Jul 2018 16:30
Last modified: 20 Jul 2019 00:26

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