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Uncovering features of chemical reaction networks in complex systems

Uncovering features of chemical reaction networks in complex systems
Uncovering features of chemical reaction networks in complex systems
This thesis introduces a comprehensive atlas of behaviour in the iron-catalysed Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction across a wide parameter space, under both stirred and unstirred conditions, encompassing variations in the concentrations of sulfuric acid, malonic acid and sodium bromate. All stirred reactions were monitored by UV-vis spectroscopy enabling the definition of concentration-dependent transitions in behaviour including those to chaotic oscillation.

A programme was generated to quantify spirals observed in the unstirred reaction. This expanded on the work of Müller et al. by increasing the length of time that such spirals had been monitored. There was good agreement between their experimental results and those set out in this thesis, which shows the transition from normal spiral wave behaviour to a final steady state. The work on spiral waves also includes the first use of a statistical image-based method for identifying changes in chemical wave behaviour with time. Attempts were made at producing a model for the iron-catalysed Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction using a swarm intelligence algorithm having identified key reactions involved in modifying the reaction behaviour based upon the Marburg-Budapest-Missoula model. A further comparison between this model for the cerium-catalysed reaction and the chemical component of the Kyoto Encyclopaedia of Genes and Genomes database demonstrated that study of such small scale systems is applicable to a larger scale biochemical network.
University of Southampton
Parker, Duncan J.
37b1d9c5-0e8a-42f4-b9ad-56e33d61e781
Parker, Duncan J.
37b1d9c5-0e8a-42f4-b9ad-56e33d61e781
Attard, George
3219075d-2364-4f00-aeb9-1d90f8cd0d36

Parker, Duncan J. (2018) Uncovering features of chemical reaction networks in complex systems. University of Southampton, Doctoral Thesis, 195pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

This thesis introduces a comprehensive atlas of behaviour in the iron-catalysed Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction across a wide parameter space, under both stirred and unstirred conditions, encompassing variations in the concentrations of sulfuric acid, malonic acid and sodium bromate. All stirred reactions were monitored by UV-vis spectroscopy enabling the definition of concentration-dependent transitions in behaviour including those to chaotic oscillation.

A programme was generated to quantify spirals observed in the unstirred reaction. This expanded on the work of Müller et al. by increasing the length of time that such spirals had been monitored. There was good agreement between their experimental results and those set out in this thesis, which shows the transition from normal spiral wave behaviour to a final steady state. The work on spiral waves also includes the first use of a statistical image-based method for identifying changes in chemical wave behaviour with time. Attempts were made at producing a model for the iron-catalysed Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction using a swarm intelligence algorithm having identified key reactions involved in modifying the reaction behaviour based upon the Marburg-Budapest-Missoula model. A further comparison between this model for the cerium-catalysed reaction and the chemical component of the Kyoto Encyclopaedia of Genes and Genomes database demonstrated that study of such small scale systems is applicable to a larger scale biochemical network.

Text
DuncanJParker_UncoveringFeaturesofComplexReactionNetworks - Version of Record
Restricted to Repository staff only until 28 June 2021.
Available under License University of Southampton Thesis Licence.

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Published date: April 2018

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 422229
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/422229
PURE UUID: 7a06d333-1842-446e-b6a6-6350dcd2d253
ORCID for George Attard: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-8304-0742

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 19 Jul 2018 16:30
Last modified: 14 Mar 2019 01:53

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