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Who is responsible for global road safety? A cross-cultural comparison of Actor Maps

Who is responsible for global road safety? A cross-cultural comparison of Actor Maps
Who is responsible for global road safety? A cross-cultural comparison of Actor Maps
The traditional three ‘E’s approach to road safety (engineering, education, enforcement) has had, and will continue to have, a significant impact on road traffic casualty rates worldwide. Nevertheless, with rising motorisation in many countries, global fatality numbers have changed little over the past decade. Following calls for the application of sociotechnical systems thinking to the problem, we widen the road safety discussion with an additional four ‘E’s; economics, emergency response, enablement, and, the umbrella term for the approach taken, ergonomics. The research presents an application of Rasmussen’s Risk Management Framework to the road safety systems of five distinct nations; Bangladesh, China, Kenya, the UK, and Vietnam. Following site visits, reviews of literature, and interviews with subject matter experts in each of the countries, a series of Actor Map models of the countries’ road safety systems were developed. These are compared and discussed in terms of the wide variety of interconnecting organisations involved, their influences on road safety outcomes, the differences between nations, and the need to look beyond road users when designing road safety interventions.
road safety, human factors, sociotechnical systems, Accimap
0001-4575
8-18
McIlroy, Rich C.
68e56daa-5b0b-477e-a643-3c7b78c1b85d
Plant, Katherine
3638555a-f2ca-4539-962c-422686518a78
Hoque, M.S.
6e2540e3-f033-4011-898b-094c14c17d95
Wu, Jianping
db314ad9-d011-4c77-9ae1-b190f82fd013
Kokwaro, G.O.
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Vu, N.H.
73582dfa-7be5-4766-867d-0338f1b60a93
Stanton, Neville
351a44ab-09a0-422a-a738-01df1fe0fadd
McIlroy, Rich C.
68e56daa-5b0b-477e-a643-3c7b78c1b85d
Plant, Katherine
3638555a-f2ca-4539-962c-422686518a78
Hoque, M.S.
6e2540e3-f033-4011-898b-094c14c17d95
Wu, Jianping
db314ad9-d011-4c77-9ae1-b190f82fd013
Kokwaro, G.O.
5e5b2e6f-5e22-49cf-8c40-a2cf98e99cf7
Vu, N.H.
73582dfa-7be5-4766-867d-0338f1b60a93
Stanton, Neville
351a44ab-09a0-422a-a738-01df1fe0fadd

McIlroy, Rich C., Plant, Katherine, Hoque, M.S., Wu, Jianping, Kokwaro, G.O., Vu, N.H. and Stanton, Neville (2019) Who is responsible for global road safety? A cross-cultural comparison of Actor Maps. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 122, 8-18. (doi:10.1016/j.aap.2018.09.011).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The traditional three ‘E’s approach to road safety (engineering, education, enforcement) has had, and will continue to have, a significant impact on road traffic casualty rates worldwide. Nevertheless, with rising motorisation in many countries, global fatality numbers have changed little over the past decade. Following calls for the application of sociotechnical systems thinking to the problem, we widen the road safety discussion with an additional four ‘E’s; economics, emergency response, enablement, and, the umbrella term for the approach taken, ergonomics. The research presents an application of Rasmussen’s Risk Management Framework to the road safety systems of five distinct nations; Bangladesh, China, Kenya, the UK, and Vietnam. Following site visits, reviews of literature, and interviews with subject matter experts in each of the countries, a series of Actor Map models of the countries’ road safety systems were developed. These are compared and discussed in terms of the wide variety of interconnecting organisations involved, their influences on road safety outcomes, the differences between nations, and the need to look beyond road users when designing road safety interventions.

Text
Actor Map Comparison Paper for Pure - Accepted Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only until 6 October 2019.
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Accepted/In Press date: 13 September 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 6 October 2018
Published date: January 2019
Keywords: road safety, human factors, sociotechnical systems, Accimap

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 423131
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/423131
ISSN: 0001-4575
PURE UUID: 0ae54513-cb56-4666-9b24-d9bb777d8d9c
ORCID for Rich C. McIlroy: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-0326-8101
ORCID for Katherine Plant: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4532-2818
ORCID for Neville Stanton: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8562-3279

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Date deposited: 19 Sep 2018 11:04
Last modified: 15 Jul 2019 17:00

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