The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Applications of light propagation in novel photonic devices

Applications of light propagation in novel photonic devices
Applications of light propagation in novel photonic devices
In this thesis, the propagation of light in novel photonic devices has been studied theoretically, numerically and experimentally. In particular, self-similar solutions to the nonlinear Schrödinger equation have been investigated as a means of avoiding distortions associated with high power pulse propagation in optical fibres. The results show that it is the interplay between the nonlinear and dispersive effects that leads to stable formation of the self-similar solutions. By considering generalised nonlinear Schrödinger equations we have extended the previous investigations of linearly chirped parabolic pulse solutions, which exist in the normal dispersion regime, and have found a new broader class of self-similar solutions, which exist when the fibre parameters are allowed to vary longitudinally. Numerical simulations of these systems confirm the analytic predictions. Experimental confirmation of parabolic pulse generation in high gain cascaded amplifier systems and in highly nonlinear microstructured fibres is also reported. In addition, the propagation of light in modulated crystal structures has been investigated. By modifying the linear and nonlinear properties of the crystals it has been shown that it is possible to manipulate the speed and the wavelength of the propagating light. In particular, negative refractive index materials have been shown to support fast and/or slow propagating light, whilst two dimensional nonlinear photonic crystals have been used to demonstrate multiple harmonic generation over a wide range of phase matching angles. The influence of waveguiding geometries has also been considered to determine the optimum design for the efficiency of the devices.
Peacock, Anna Claire
685d924c-ef6b-401b-a0bd-acf1f8e758fc
Peacock, Anna Claire
685d924c-ef6b-401b-a0bd-acf1f8e758fc

Peacock, Anna Claire (2004) Applications of light propagation in novel photonic devices. University of Southampton, Optoelectronics Research Centre, Doctoral Thesis, 278pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

In this thesis, the propagation of light in novel photonic devices has been studied theoretically, numerically and experimentally. In particular, self-similar solutions to the nonlinear Schrödinger equation have been investigated as a means of avoiding distortions associated with high power pulse propagation in optical fibres. The results show that it is the interplay between the nonlinear and dispersive effects that leads to stable formation of the self-similar solutions. By considering generalised nonlinear Schrödinger equations we have extended the previous investigations of linearly chirped parabolic pulse solutions, which exist in the normal dispersion regime, and have found a new broader class of self-similar solutions, which exist when the fibre parameters are allowed to vary longitudinally. Numerical simulations of these systems confirm the analytic predictions. Experimental confirmation of parabolic pulse generation in high gain cascaded amplifier systems and in highly nonlinear microstructured fibres is also reported. In addition, the propagation of light in modulated crystal structures has been investigated. By modifying the linear and nonlinear properties of the crystals it has been shown that it is possible to manipulate the speed and the wavelength of the propagating light. In particular, negative refractive index materials have been shown to support fast and/or slow propagating light, whilst two dimensional nonlinear photonic crystals have been used to demonstrate multiple harmonic generation over a wide range of phase matching angles. The influence of waveguiding geometries has also been considered to determine the optimum design for the efficiency of the devices.

Text
42429-01.pdf - Other
Download (4MB)

More information

Published date: 2004
Organisations: University of Southampton

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 42429
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/42429
PURE UUID: 8ba33527-7bb7-49e1-9c5f-7a7d0d821c6f
ORCID for Anna Claire Peacock: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1940-7172

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 19 Apr 2007
Last modified: 14 Mar 2019 01:44

Export record

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×