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Sexual well-being in older men and women: construction and validation of a multi-dimensional measure in four European countries

Sexual well-being in older men and women: construction and validation of a multi-dimensional measure in four European countries
Sexual well-being in older men and women: construction and validation of a multi-dimensional measure in four European countries
Different forms of sexual expression can be beneficial to health and quality of life of older adults. While research on sexual well-being and aging has focused primarily on negative dynamics, this approach may not fit well the sexual reality of aging men and women. We used data from a probability-based survey carried out in 2016 among men and women aged 60+ years from four European countries to develop and validate a measure of sexual well-being. This multi-dimensional measure included items on sexual satisfaction, physical intimacy, emotional closeness during sex, sexual compatibility and distress related to problematic sexual function, was characterized with a good fit to the data, partial scalar invariance across gender and configural invariance across country. The measure was consistently associated with emotional intimacy, frequency of sexual intercourse and masturbation. No systematic gender differences in sexual well-being were observed. Higher sexual well-being corresponded to better self-reported health and being partnered or married. Given the lack of information about successful sexual aging and the absence of sexuality education for older adults, this study’s findings about the facets of sexual well-being in aging men and women may assist health workers and other professionals working with this population.
1389-4978
1-22
Štulhofer, Aleksandar
69dcfe7d-0ad9-407c-a971-802d8d08503e
Jurin, Tanja
850bf01b-7023-4ebc-bf34-f26f659d4f58
Graham, Cynthia
ac400331-f231-4449-a69b-ec9a477224c8
Enzlin, Paul
12b9f67c-cc31-4b5c-ab10-8c171fc02619
Træen, Bente
b1e0cf58-f435-4c39-8c5d-6a9e7a40a89c
Štulhofer, Aleksandar
69dcfe7d-0ad9-407c-a971-802d8d08503e
Jurin, Tanja
850bf01b-7023-4ebc-bf34-f26f659d4f58
Graham, Cynthia
ac400331-f231-4449-a69b-ec9a477224c8
Enzlin, Paul
12b9f67c-cc31-4b5c-ab10-8c171fc02619
Træen, Bente
b1e0cf58-f435-4c39-8c5d-6a9e7a40a89c

Štulhofer, Aleksandar, Jurin, Tanja, Graham, Cynthia, Enzlin, Paul and Træen, Bente (2018) Sexual well-being in older men and women: construction and validation of a multi-dimensional measure in four European countries. Journal of Happiness Studies, 1-22. (doi:10.1007/s10902-018-0049-1).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Different forms of sexual expression can be beneficial to health and quality of life of older adults. While research on sexual well-being and aging has focused primarily on negative dynamics, this approach may not fit well the sexual reality of aging men and women. We used data from a probability-based survey carried out in 2016 among men and women aged 60+ years from four European countries to develop and validate a measure of sexual well-being. This multi-dimensional measure included items on sexual satisfaction, physical intimacy, emotional closeness during sex, sexual compatibility and distress related to problematic sexual function, was characterized with a good fit to the data, partial scalar invariance across gender and configural invariance across country. The measure was consistently associated with emotional intimacy, frequency of sexual intercourse and masturbation. No systematic gender differences in sexual well-being were observed. Higher sexual well-being corresponded to better self-reported health and being partnered or married. Given the lack of information about successful sexual aging and the absence of sexuality education for older adults, this study’s findings about the facets of sexual well-being in aging men and women may assist health workers and other professionals working with this population.

Text
Stulhofer et al. J H Studies Manuscript revised final - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 16 October 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 22 October 2018

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 425715
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/425715
ISSN: 1389-4978
PURE UUID: 320c448f-ad2e-4560-b6eb-3227869c5768
ORCID for Cynthia Graham: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-7884-599X

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Date deposited: 01 Nov 2018 17:30
Last modified: 30 Jan 2020 05:07

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