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The role of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in archaeological tourism assessment and development in Najran, Saudi Arabia

The role of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in archaeological tourism assessment and development in Najran, Saudi Arabia
The role of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in archaeological tourism assessment and development in Najran, Saudi Arabia
To date, GIS has been rarely used as a planning tool to support archaeological tourism, despite the widespread archaeological application of GIS more generally. Archaeological tourism can be defined as travel to experience places, activities and artefacts that authentically present stories and peoples of the past. This study examines the role of GIS in archaeological heritage tourism and planning using, as a case study, Najran region in Saudi Arabia. As well as being an important historic trading hub, Najran includes significant archaeological sites, therefore it has the potential to be an alternative for tourists who might be looking at Yemen as a tourist destination especially when Saudi Arabia starts issuing tourist visas.

As an initial step, governmental archaeological records were combined with information from a literature review and fieldwork to develop a geospatial archaeological heritage database for Najran. Simultaneously, data on tourism accommodation and facilities were collated through a mixture of field surveys, Internet sources such as OpenStreetMap, and local tourism-promotion materials. Sieve analysis of the resulting spatial databases suggest that there are six archaeological tourist sites with high potential based on archaeology, accessibility and site characteristics. With the city of Najran dominating the provision of tourism accommodation and facilities, the most appropriate role for GIS is likely to be in combining knowledge of the spatial distribution of archaeological sites with tourism and amenities. The next step was to conduct a consumer survey to evaluate selected archaeological tourist sites, where the results indicate that those sites located outdoors are more likely to be visited in the future. The final step was to characterise the landscapes around the potential archaeological tourist sites in the Najran region, e.g. mountains, vegetation, wadis etc.

This thesis provides a GIS-based management tool for the development of tourism in Najran Province in line with the rapidly developing national tourism policy.
University of Southampton
Alawer, Ali
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Alawer, Ali
a7033941-8893-44ff-9fa8-92d7b50497c2
Brown, Antony
c51f9d3e-02b0-47da-a483-41c354e78fab
Wright, James
94990ecf-f8dd-4649-84f2-b28bf272e464

Alawer, Ali (2018) The role of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in archaeological tourism assessment and development in Najran, Saudi Arabia. University of Southampton, Doctoral Thesis, 320pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

To date, GIS has been rarely used as a planning tool to support archaeological tourism, despite the widespread archaeological application of GIS more generally. Archaeological tourism can be defined as travel to experience places, activities and artefacts that authentically present stories and peoples of the past. This study examines the role of GIS in archaeological heritage tourism and planning using, as a case study, Najran region in Saudi Arabia. As well as being an important historic trading hub, Najran includes significant archaeological sites, therefore it has the potential to be an alternative for tourists who might be looking at Yemen as a tourist destination especially when Saudi Arabia starts issuing tourist visas.

As an initial step, governmental archaeological records were combined with information from a literature review and fieldwork to develop a geospatial archaeological heritage database for Najran. Simultaneously, data on tourism accommodation and facilities were collated through a mixture of field surveys, Internet sources such as OpenStreetMap, and local tourism-promotion materials. Sieve analysis of the resulting spatial databases suggest that there are six archaeological tourist sites with high potential based on archaeology, accessibility and site characteristics. With the city of Najran dominating the provision of tourism accommodation and facilities, the most appropriate role for GIS is likely to be in combining knowledge of the spatial distribution of archaeological sites with tourism and amenities. The next step was to conduct a consumer survey to evaluate selected archaeological tourist sites, where the results indicate that those sites located outdoors are more likely to be visited in the future. The final step was to characterise the landscapes around the potential archaeological tourist sites in the Najran region, e.g. mountains, vegetation, wadis etc.

This thesis provides a GIS-based management tool for the development of tourism in Najran Province in line with the rapidly developing national tourism policy.

Text
The Role of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in Archaeological Tourism Assessment and development in Najran, Saudi Arabia - Version of Record
Restricted to Repository staff only until 14 September 2020.
Available under License University of Southampton Thesis Licence.

More information

Published date: August 2018

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 425924
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/425924
PURE UUID: ceb9e43e-c0b1-4fd8-af1c-11711f32bca9
ORCID for Antony Brown: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1990-4654
ORCID for James Wright: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8842-2181

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 06 Nov 2018 17:30
Last modified: 14 Mar 2019 01:43

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Contributors

Author: Ali Alawer
Thesis advisor: Antony Brown ORCID iD
Thesis advisor: James Wright ORCID iD

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