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The Bottleneck Hypothesis in L2 acquisition: L1 Norwegian learners’ knowledge of syntax and morphology in L2 English

The Bottleneck Hypothesis in L2 acquisition: L1 Norwegian learners’ knowledge of syntax and morphology in L2 English
The Bottleneck Hypothesis in L2 acquisition: L1 Norwegian learners’ knowledge of syntax and morphology in L2 English
The Bottleneck Hypothesis (Slabakova, 2008, 2013) proposes that acquiring properties of the functional morphology is the most challenging part of learning a second language. In the experiment presented here, the predictions of this hypothesis are tested in the L2 English of Norwegian native speakers. Two constructions are investigated that do not match in English and Norwegian: One involving functional morphology, Subject–Verb (SV) agreement, which is obligatory in the L2 but non-existent in the L1, and one involving syntax, Verb-Second (V2) word order, which is obligatory in the L1, but restricted to specific contexts in the L2. The results of an acceptability judgement task indicate that the participants struggled more with identifying ungrammatical SV agreement than ungrammatical word order. We conclude that the findings lend tentative support to the Bottleneck Hypothesis.
0267-6583
Jensen, Isabel Nadine
2ab8b8bd-057d-4836-a49d-272ed267d9b4
Slabakova, Roumyana
1bda11ce-ce3d-4146-8ae3-4a486b6f5bde
Westergaard, Marit
5e776519-58a7-4ef6-a55e-6eae695e1510
Lundquist, Bjorn
0a485ac9-b4ae-4ac2-bef6-526f000e70c1
Jensen, Isabel Nadine
2ab8b8bd-057d-4836-a49d-272ed267d9b4
Slabakova, Roumyana
1bda11ce-ce3d-4146-8ae3-4a486b6f5bde
Westergaard, Marit
5e776519-58a7-4ef6-a55e-6eae695e1510
Lundquist, Bjorn
0a485ac9-b4ae-4ac2-bef6-526f000e70c1

Jensen, Isabel Nadine, Slabakova, Roumyana, Westergaard, Marit and Lundquist, Bjorn (2019) The Bottleneck Hypothesis in L2 acquisition: L1 Norwegian learners’ knowledge of syntax and morphology in L2 English. Second Language Research. (doi:10.1177/0267658318825067).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The Bottleneck Hypothesis (Slabakova, 2008, 2013) proposes that acquiring properties of the functional morphology is the most challenging part of learning a second language. In the experiment presented here, the predictions of this hypothesis are tested in the L2 English of Norwegian native speakers. Two constructions are investigated that do not match in English and Norwegian: One involving functional morphology, Subject–Verb (SV) agreement, which is obligatory in the L2 but non-existent in the L1, and one involving syntax, Verb-Second (V2) word order, which is obligatory in the L1, but restricted to specific contexts in the L2. The results of an acceptability judgement task indicate that the participants struggled more with identifying ungrammatical SV agreement than ungrammatical word order. We conclude that the findings lend tentative support to the Bottleneck Hypothesis.

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Accepted/In Press date: 19 December 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 28 February 2019
Published date: 28 February 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 427065
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/427065
ISSN: 0267-6583
PURE UUID: a3a4efec-ef04-4c4e-9999-d6ae7b3e6540
ORCID for Roumyana Slabakova: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-5839-460X

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Date deposited: 21 Dec 2018 16:30
Last modified: 16 Jul 2019 00:38

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Contributors

Author: Isabel Nadine Jensen
Author: Marit Westergaard
Author: Bjorn Lundquist

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