The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

The particle size dependence of CO oxidation on model planar titania supported gold catalysts measured by parallel thermographic imaging

The particle size dependence of CO oxidation on model planar titania supported gold catalysts measured by parallel thermographic imaging
The particle size dependence of CO oxidation on model planar titania supported gold catalysts measured by parallel thermographic imaging

A parallel thermographic screening methodology has been developed which allows the measurements of the particle size and support influences on model planar heterogeneous catalysts. A screening chip was designed and fabricated in order to produce multiple fields of low stress silicon nitride membranes that exhibit low thermal conductivity and heat capacity. The heat generated on supported model catalysts in an exothermic reaction on the membranes was measured using a thermal (infra-red) imaging camera, which in turn provided a measure of the turn over frequency (TOF) for the reaction. The catalytic activity for CO oxidation on titania supported gold model catalysts with varying particle size has been measured on 100 catalysts simultaneously. The reaction has been investigated at 80 °C and 170 °C, and pressures ranging between 0.06 mbar and 1.5 mbar for various O2:CO ratios. Under all conditions investigated, a monotonic increase in the TOF is observed with decreasing particle diameter (d) which is proportional to ca. d−1.8 in the range 6 > d/nm > 1.5. This is in the opposite direction to the number of potentially active perimeter sites which increases linearly with increasing particle size on these catalysts. We show that the surface area specific activity of the gold is increasing even more steeply with reduced particle size, and is proportional to ca. d−4. This rate of increase in activity is significantly higher than one would expect by any increase one may expect as a result of more active low co-ordinate sites on the gold. The steep increase in activity is ascribed to an electronic interaction between the substrate and the particle.

CO oxidation, Gold, High-throughput, Particles, Thermography, Titania
0021-9517
175-180
Emmanuel, Jovine
e89fa9f5-2224-4944-899c-0e47a41b3edf
Hayden, Brian E.
aea74f68-2264-4487-9d84-5b12ddbbb331
Saleh-Subaie, Jaffar
ff020628-34e9-40b8-9bee-00ea15eba473
Emmanuel, Jovine
e89fa9f5-2224-4944-899c-0e47a41b3edf
Hayden, Brian E.
aea74f68-2264-4487-9d84-5b12ddbbb331
Saleh-Subaie, Jaffar
ff020628-34e9-40b8-9bee-00ea15eba473

Emmanuel, Jovine, Hayden, Brian E. and Saleh-Subaie, Jaffar (2019) The particle size dependence of CO oxidation on model planar titania supported gold catalysts measured by parallel thermographic imaging. Journal of Catalysis, 369, 175-180. (doi:10.1016/j.jcat.2018.10.038).

Record type: Article

Abstract

A parallel thermographic screening methodology has been developed which allows the measurements of the particle size and support influences on model planar heterogeneous catalysts. A screening chip was designed and fabricated in order to produce multiple fields of low stress silicon nitride membranes that exhibit low thermal conductivity and heat capacity. The heat generated on supported model catalysts in an exothermic reaction on the membranes was measured using a thermal (infra-red) imaging camera, which in turn provided a measure of the turn over frequency (TOF) for the reaction. The catalytic activity for CO oxidation on titania supported gold model catalysts with varying particle size has been measured on 100 catalysts simultaneously. The reaction has been investigated at 80 °C and 170 °C, and pressures ranging between 0.06 mbar and 1.5 mbar for various O2:CO ratios. Under all conditions investigated, a monotonic increase in the TOF is observed with decreasing particle diameter (d) which is proportional to ca. d−1.8 in the range 6 > d/nm > 1.5. This is in the opposite direction to the number of potentially active perimeter sites which increases linearly with increasing particle size on these catalysts. We show that the surface area specific activity of the gold is increasing even more steeply with reduced particle size, and is proportional to ca. d−4. This rate of increase in activity is significantly higher than one would expect by any increase one may expect as a result of more active low co-ordinate sites on the gold. The steep increase in activity is ascribed to an electronic interaction between the substrate and the particle.

Text
2018 - High Throughput Thermography - Revised 2 - Manuscript - Accepted Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only until 22 November 2019.
Request a copy

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 31 October 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 22 November 2018
Published date: 1 January 2019
Keywords: CO oxidation, Gold, High-throughput, Particles, Thermography, Titania

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 427083
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/427083
ISSN: 0021-9517
PURE UUID: 6edf53e5-5467-4a33-bfa1-587d6a2811b3
ORCID for Brian E. Hayden: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-7762-1812

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 21 Dec 2018 16:31
Last modified: 14 Mar 2019 01:55

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Jovine Emmanuel
Author: Brian E. Hayden ORCID iD

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×