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A multicentre, randomised controlled trial of PDSAFE, a physiotherapist-delivered fall prevention programme for people with Parkinson’s

A multicentre, randomised controlled trial of PDSAFE, a physiotherapist-delivered fall prevention programme for people with Parkinson’s
A multicentre, randomised controlled trial of PDSAFE, a physiotherapist-delivered fall prevention programme for people with Parkinson’s
Objective: To estimate the effect of a physiotherapist-delivered fall-prevention programme for people with Parkinson’s (PwP).
Methods: People at risk of falls with confirmed Parkinson’s were recruited to this multi-centre, pragmatic, investigator blind, individually randomised controlled trial with pre-specified sub-group analyses. 474 PwP (Hoehn and Yahr 1-4) were randomised: 238 allocated to a physiotherapy programme and 236 to control. All participants had routine care; the control group received a DVD about Parkinson’s and single advice session at trial completion. The intervention group (PDSAFE) had an individually tailored, progressive home-based fall-avoidance strategy training programme with balance and strengthening exercises.
The primary outcome was risk of repeat-falling, collected by self-report monthly diaries, 0 to 6 months post-randomisation. Secondary outcomes included, Mini-BESTest for balance, chair stand test, Falls Efficacy, freezing of gait, health related quality of life (Euroqol EQ-5D), Geriatric Depression Scale, Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly and Parkinson’s disease Questionnaire, fractures and rate of near-falling.
Results: Average age, 72 years and 266 (56%) were men. By 6 months 116 (55%) of the control group, and 125 (61.5%) of the intervention group reported repeat falls (controlled odds ratio 1.21, 95% confidence interval 0.74 to 1.98, P=0.447). Secondary sub-group analyses suggested a different response to the intervention between moderate and severe disease severity groups. Balance, falls efficacy and chair stand time improved with near-falls reduced in the intervention arm.
Conclusion: PDSAFE did not reduce falling in this pragmatic trial of PwP. Other functional tasks improved and reduced fall rates were apparent among those with moderate disease.
Trial registration: Trial registration reference is ISRCTN48152791.
774-782
Chivers Seymour, Kim
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Pickering, Ruth
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Rochester, Lynn
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Roberts, Helen
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Ballinger, Claire
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Hulbert, Sophia
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Kunkel, Dorit
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Marian, Ioana R
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Fitton, Carolyn
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McIntosh, Emma
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Goodwin, Victoria A.
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Nieuwboer, Alice
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Lamb, Sarah E.
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Ashburn, Ann
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Chivers Seymour, Kim
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Pickering, Ruth
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Rochester, Lynn
ab1451e1-569c-43cd-ad84-987befff3f16
Roberts, Helen
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Ballinger, Claire
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Hulbert, Sophia
eaded0e0-3abe-4972-8138-526baac5c472
Kunkel, Dorit
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Marian, Ioana R
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Fitton, Carolyn
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McIntosh, Emma
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Goodwin, Victoria A.
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Nieuwboer, Alice
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Lamb, Sarah E.
210b9bca-47e9-4471-9fbf-6a82c35a98e2
Ashburn, Ann
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Chivers Seymour, Kim, Pickering, Ruth, Rochester, Lynn, Roberts, Helen, Ballinger, Claire, Hulbert, Sophia, Kunkel, Dorit, Marian, Ioana R, Fitton, Carolyn, McIntosh, Emma, Goodwin, Victoria A., Nieuwboer, Alice, Lamb, Sarah E. and Ashburn, Ann (2019) A multicentre, randomised controlled trial of PDSAFE, a physiotherapist-delivered fall prevention programme for people with Parkinson’s. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 90 (7), 774-782. (doi:10.1136/jnnp-2018-319448).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objective: To estimate the effect of a physiotherapist-delivered fall-prevention programme for people with Parkinson’s (PwP).
Methods: People at risk of falls with confirmed Parkinson’s were recruited to this multi-centre, pragmatic, investigator blind, individually randomised controlled trial with pre-specified sub-group analyses. 474 PwP (Hoehn and Yahr 1-4) were randomised: 238 allocated to a physiotherapy programme and 236 to control. All participants had routine care; the control group received a DVD about Parkinson’s and single advice session at trial completion. The intervention group (PDSAFE) had an individually tailored, progressive home-based fall-avoidance strategy training programme with balance and strengthening exercises.
The primary outcome was risk of repeat-falling, collected by self-report monthly diaries, 0 to 6 months post-randomisation. Secondary outcomes included, Mini-BESTest for balance, chair stand test, Falls Efficacy, freezing of gait, health related quality of life (Euroqol EQ-5D), Geriatric Depression Scale, Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly and Parkinson’s disease Questionnaire, fractures and rate of near-falling.
Results: Average age, 72 years and 266 (56%) were men. By 6 months 116 (55%) of the control group, and 125 (61.5%) of the intervention group reported repeat falls (controlled odds ratio 1.21, 95% confidence interval 0.74 to 1.98, P=0.447). Secondary sub-group analyses suggested a different response to the intervention between moderate and severe disease severity groups. Balance, falls efficacy and chair stand time improved with near-falls reduced in the intervention arm.
Conclusion: PDSAFE did not reduce falling in this pragmatic trial of PwP. Other functional tasks improved and reduced fall rates were apparent among those with moderate disease.
Trial registration: Trial registration reference is ISRCTN48152791.

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Accepted/In Press date: 9 February 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 3 April 2019
Published date: July 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 428435
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/428435
PURE UUID: a759feca-a0d4-45d9-95ca-aba4ffa81a93
ORCID for Helen Roberts: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-5291-1880
ORCID for Dorit Kunkel: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4449-1414

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Date deposited: 26 Feb 2019 17:30
Last modified: 20 Jul 2022 04:03

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Contributors

Author: Kim Chivers Seymour
Author: Ruth Pickering
Author: Lynn Rochester
Author: Helen Roberts ORCID iD
Author: Claire Ballinger
Author: Sophia Hulbert
Author: Dorit Kunkel ORCID iD
Author: Ioana R Marian
Author: Carolyn Fitton
Author: Emma McIntosh
Author: Victoria A. Goodwin
Author: Alice Nieuwboer
Author: Sarah E. Lamb
Author: Ann Ashburn

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