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Psychophysiological activity and reactivity in children and adolescents with conduct problems: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Psychophysiological activity and reactivity in children and adolescents with conduct problems: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Psychophysiological activity and reactivity in children and adolescents with conduct problems: a systematic review and meta-analysis
The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis to estimate the association between psychophysiological activity and reactivity at baseline or after a psychological task with conduct problems (CP) among children and adolescents. We systematically reviewed published studies reporting autonomic nervous system activity in youth with CP and meta-analyzed the relationship between CP and autonomic baseline as well as task-related reactivity in 66 studies (N = 10,227). Across 34 included case-control studies that were based on CP cut-off scores, we found a significant pooled effect for task related Skin-Conductance, Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia, and cardiac Pre-Ejection Period, but no significant group differences for Heart Rate nor for any baseline measures. Findings suggested reduced parasympathetic and sympathetic reactivity to emotional tasks, pointing to co-inhibition of the two systems. However, across 32 studies with correlational design we only found a significant negative correlation of baseline and task-related heart rate with CP. The present meta-analysis derived several conclusions that have the potential to inform biological vulnerability models and biologically driven interventions.
0149-7634
98-107
Fanti, Kostas
5394f715-ea2c-4cc9-81d3-3dc2eb2412df
Eisenbarth, Hedwig
41af3dcb-da48-402b-a488-49de88e64f0c
Goble, Poppy
6e30a160-6e00-4256-9115-9ca479f43911
Demetriou, Chara
f73b7c45-d9cf-4780-9c6a-3235cbc9507e
Kyranides, Melina Nicole
9dd4b090-87b0-4dc9-a549-77a19c03fa0f
Goodwin, Daniel
939e2031-2de9-4c55-a507-6855ed01c6d0
Zhang, Junhua
0e084511-6f1c-4c1b-8b1b-971a840955d6
Bobak, Billy
971d5e39-9359-425b-bffe-72b3cb908f65
Cortese, Samuele
53d4bf2c-4e0e-4c77-9385-218350560fdb
Fanti, Kostas
5394f715-ea2c-4cc9-81d3-3dc2eb2412df
Eisenbarth, Hedwig
41af3dcb-da48-402b-a488-49de88e64f0c
Goble, Poppy
6e30a160-6e00-4256-9115-9ca479f43911
Demetriou, Chara
f73b7c45-d9cf-4780-9c6a-3235cbc9507e
Kyranides, Melina Nicole
9dd4b090-87b0-4dc9-a549-77a19c03fa0f
Goodwin, Daniel
939e2031-2de9-4c55-a507-6855ed01c6d0
Zhang, Junhua
0e084511-6f1c-4c1b-8b1b-971a840955d6
Bobak, Billy
971d5e39-9359-425b-bffe-72b3cb908f65
Cortese, Samuele
53d4bf2c-4e0e-4c77-9385-218350560fdb

Fanti, Kostas, Eisenbarth, Hedwig, Goble, Poppy, Demetriou, Chara, Kyranides, Melina Nicole, Goodwin, Daniel, Zhang, Junhua, Bobak, Billy and Cortese, Samuele (2019) Psychophysiological activity and reactivity in children and adolescents with conduct problems: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 100, 98-107. (doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2019.02.016).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis to estimate the association between psychophysiological activity and reactivity at baseline or after a psychological task with conduct problems (CP) among children and adolescents. We systematically reviewed published studies reporting autonomic nervous system activity in youth with CP and meta-analyzed the relationship between CP and autonomic baseline as well as task-related reactivity in 66 studies (N = 10,227). Across 34 included case-control studies that were based on CP cut-off scores, we found a significant pooled effect for task related Skin-Conductance, Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia, and cardiac Pre-Ejection Period, but no significant group differences for Heart Rate nor for any baseline measures. Findings suggested reduced parasympathetic and sympathetic reactivity to emotional tasks, pointing to co-inhibition of the two systems. However, across 32 studies with correlational design we only found a significant negative correlation of baseline and task-related heart rate with CP. The present meta-analysis derived several conclusions that have the potential to inform biological vulnerability models and biologically driven interventions.

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Accepted/In Press date: 20 February 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 21 February 2019
Published date: May 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 428814
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/428814
ISSN: 0149-7634
PURE UUID: 2487413a-e67d-4779-82b3-e68add4dc801
ORCID for Hedwig Eisenbarth: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0521-2630
ORCID for Samuele Cortese: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5877-8075

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Date deposited: 11 Mar 2019 17:30
Last modified: 14 May 2019 00:29

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Contributors

Author: Kostas Fanti
Author: Hedwig Eisenbarth ORCID iD
Author: Poppy Goble
Author: Chara Demetriou
Author: Melina Nicole Kyranides
Author: Daniel Goodwin
Author: Junhua Zhang
Author: Billy Bobak
Author: Samuele Cortese ORCID iD

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