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Age of identification of sensorineural hearing loss and characteristics of affected children: Findings from two cross-sectional studies in Saudi Arabia

Age of identification of sensorineural hearing loss and characteristics of affected children: Findings from two cross-sectional studies in Saudi Arabia
Age of identification of sensorineural hearing loss and characteristics of affected children: Findings from two cross-sectional studies in Saudi Arabia
Objectives

To identify the average age of identification (AOI) and characteristics of Saudi children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL).
Methods

Two cross-sectional studies were undertaken. Study A: the medical records of 1166 children aged 0–10 years old who visited the audiology clinics in four hospitals in Riyadh and Dammam during 2015 were reviewed. Study B: 174 carers of children aged 0–12 years who visited the audiology clinics in four hospitals in Riyadh during a three-month period were surveyed.
Results

The mean AOI with SNHL in children was 3.2 years (SD = 2.5 years) and 3.1 years (SD = 2.6 years) with 14% and 16% not identified until after primary school age for Studies A and B, respectively. The presence of SNHL was positively associated with parental consanguinity, positive family history of SNHL, history of chemotherapy treatment, brain pathology and prior parental concern regarding their child's hearing.
Conclusion

AOI of SNHL among Saudi children is deemed high in relation to the likely age of onset, with about 15 in 100 children identified after school age. Childhood hearing screening programmes (at birth and at school entry) should be considered in order to intervene earlier.
hearing loss, Children, Saudi Arabia, AGE, characteristics
0165-5876
27-34
Alkahtani, Rania
389f5ccb-5cd9-4408-8798-f7570516aaf6
Rowan, Daniel
dcd408e3-e5ad-4976-bfa4-27488821979f
Kattan, Nad
2af799dc-0b44-4d75-8000-27ab60855cbd
Alwan, Nisreen A.
0d37b320-f325-4ed3-ba51-0fe2866d5382
Alkahtani, Rania
389f5ccb-5cd9-4408-8798-f7570516aaf6
Rowan, Daniel
dcd408e3-e5ad-4976-bfa4-27488821979f
Kattan, Nad
2af799dc-0b44-4d75-8000-27ab60855cbd
Alwan, Nisreen A.
0d37b320-f325-4ed3-ba51-0fe2866d5382

Alkahtani, Rania, Rowan, Daniel, Kattan, Nad and Alwan, Nisreen A. (2019) Age of identification of sensorineural hearing loss and characteristics of affected children: Findings from two cross-sectional studies in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 122, 27-34. (doi:10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.019).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objectives

To identify the average age of identification (AOI) and characteristics of Saudi children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL).
Methods

Two cross-sectional studies were undertaken. Study A: the medical records of 1166 children aged 0–10 years old who visited the audiology clinics in four hospitals in Riyadh and Dammam during 2015 were reviewed. Study B: 174 carers of children aged 0–12 years who visited the audiology clinics in four hospitals in Riyadh during a three-month period were surveyed.
Results

The mean AOI with SNHL in children was 3.2 years (SD = 2.5 years) and 3.1 years (SD = 2.6 years) with 14% and 16% not identified until after primary school age for Studies A and B, respectively. The presence of SNHL was positively associated with parental consanguinity, positive family history of SNHL, history of chemotherapy treatment, brain pathology and prior parental concern regarding their child's hearing.
Conclusion

AOI of SNHL among Saudi children is deemed high in relation to the likely age of onset, with about 15 in 100 children identified after school age. Childhood hearing screening programmes (at birth and at school entry) should be considered in order to intervene earlier.

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2019_Rania_AOI_SNHL_Revised_manuscript_clear_version_3_19 - Accepted Manuscript
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Revised manuscript (clear version) 3-19 Rowan_Rania et al 2019 - Accepted Manuscript
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Rowan_Rania et al 2019 IJPO - Version of Record
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 14 March 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 18 March 2019
Published date: July 2019
Keywords: hearing loss, Children, Saudi Arabia, AGE, characteristics

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 429263
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/429263
ISSN: 0165-5876
PURE UUID: 050b0832-73f2-4abc-ac1b-b0fdbc440926
ORCID for Nisreen A. Alwan: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4134-8463

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 25 Mar 2019 17:30
Last modified: 20 Jul 2019 00:34

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