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The intraday dynamics of Bitcoin

The intraday dynamics of Bitcoin
The intraday dynamics of Bitcoin

Bitcoin has received much investor attention in recent years and following this, there has been an explosion of academic studies examining this new financial asset. We contribute to the growing literature of Bitcoin by examining the intraday variables of the leading Bitcoin exchange with the highest information share over 4 years’ worth of data to reveal the intraday stylized facts of Bitcoin and how they have developed over time. Employing GMT-timestamped tick data aggregated to the 5-mintuely frequency, we find that Bitcoin returns have increased over time, while trading volume, volatility and liquidity varied substantially over time. We also find that volume increases throughout the day and falls from around 4 pm until midnight, which is consistent with the intraday patterns found in currency markets. Realised volatility is fairly consistent throughout the day although it is highest during the opening times of the three major global stock markets. Also liquidity is highest during the opening times of the major global exchanges and the markets tend to be illiquid during the early morning. Finally, we show evidence of the mixture of distribution hypothesis of Clark (1973).

Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency, Granger causality, High-frequency, Intraday patterns, Lead-lag
0275-5319
71-81
Eross, Andrea
7f124036-c1f2-402f-83c0-717b74753988
McGroarty, Frank
693a5396-8e01-4d68-8973-d74184c03072
Urquhart, Andrew
ee369df1-95b5-4cdf-bc24-f1be77357c03
Wolfe, Simon
9a2367fc-36cc-496a-bbd2-e7346bcbb19e
Eross, Andrea
7f124036-c1f2-402f-83c0-717b74753988
McGroarty, Frank
693a5396-8e01-4d68-8973-d74184c03072
Urquhart, Andrew
ee369df1-95b5-4cdf-bc24-f1be77357c03
Wolfe, Simon
9a2367fc-36cc-496a-bbd2-e7346bcbb19e

Eross, Andrea, McGroarty, Frank, Urquhart, Andrew and Wolfe, Simon (2019) The intraday dynamics of Bitcoin. Research in International Business and Finance, 49, 71-81. (doi:10.1016/j.ribaf.2019.01.008).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Bitcoin has received much investor attention in recent years and following this, there has been an explosion of academic studies examining this new financial asset. We contribute to the growing literature of Bitcoin by examining the intraday variables of the leading Bitcoin exchange with the highest information share over 4 years’ worth of data to reveal the intraday stylized facts of Bitcoin and how they have developed over time. Employing GMT-timestamped tick data aggregated to the 5-mintuely frequency, we find that Bitcoin returns have increased over time, while trading volume, volatility and liquidity varied substantially over time. We also find that volume increases throughout the day and falls from around 4 pm until midnight, which is consistent with the intraday patterns found in currency markets. Realised volatility is fairly consistent throughout the day although it is highest during the opening times of the three major global stock markets. Also liquidity is highest during the opening times of the major global exchanges and the markets tend to be illiquid during the early morning. Finally, we show evidence of the mixture of distribution hypothesis of Clark (1973).

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 21 January 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 24 January 2019
Published date: 1 October 2019
Keywords: Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency, Granger causality, High-frequency, Intraday patterns, Lead-lag

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 429352
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/429352
ISSN: 0275-5319
PURE UUID: 2dfc624f-176e-4bba-9042-c80028705510
ORCID for Frank McGroarty: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2962-0927

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 26 Mar 2019 17:30
Last modified: 27 Mar 2019 01:34

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