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Vulnerable road users in low-, middle-, and high-income countries: validation of a Pedestrian Behaviour Questionnaire

Vulnerable road users in low-, middle-, and high-income countries: validation of a Pedestrian Behaviour Questionnaire
Vulnerable road users in low-, middle-, and high-income countries: validation of a Pedestrian Behaviour Questionnaire

The primary aim of this study was to validate the short version of a Pedestrian Behaviour Questionnaire across six culturally and economically distinct countries; Bangladesh, China, Kenya, Thailand, the UK, and Vietnam. The questionnaire comprised 20 items that asked respondents to rate the extent to which they perform certain types of pedestrian behaviours, with each behaviour belonging to one of five categories identified in previous literature; violations, errors, lapses, aggressive behaviours, and positive behaviours. The sample consisted of 3423 respondents across the six countries. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to assess the fit of the data to the five-factor structure, and a four-factor structure in which violations and errors were combined into one factor (seen elsewhere in the literature). For some items, factor loadings were unacceptably low, internal reliability was low for two of the sub-scales, and model fit indices were generally unacceptable for both models. As such, only the violations, lapses, and aggressions sub-scales were retained (those with acceptable reliability and factor loadings), and the three-factor model tested. Although results suggest that the violations sub-scale may need additional attention, the three-factor solution showed the best fit to the data. The resulting 12-item scale is discussed with regards to country differences, and with respect to its utility as a research tool in cross-cultural studies of road user behaviour.

Low- and middle-income countries, Pedestrian behaviour, Questionnaire survey, Traffic safety
0001-4575
80-94
McIlroy, Rich C.
68e56daa-5b0b-477e-a643-3c7b78c1b85d
Plant, Katherine L.
3638555a-f2ca-4539-962c-422686518a78
Jikyong, Usanisa
dd5b6098-0a29-4874-86f3-26c112401306
Nam, Vũ Hoài
853aac12-1a8f-4520-be2a-af6985e224e1
Bunyasi, Brenda
6701bf8e-e8fc-44de-9289-fead864ede96
Kokwaro, Gilbert O.
f1f598fa-e2f2-42a6-976b-d250360282b4
Wu, Jianping
db314ad9-d011-4c77-9ae1-b190f82fd013
Hoque, Md Shamsul
a73d71c3-c368-4715-af13-2098f794383c
Preston, John M.
ef81c42e-c896-4768-92d1-052662037f0b
Stanton, Neville A.
351a44ab-09a0-422a-a738-01df1fe0fadd
McIlroy, Rich C.
68e56daa-5b0b-477e-a643-3c7b78c1b85d
Plant, Katherine L.
3638555a-f2ca-4539-962c-422686518a78
Jikyong, Usanisa
dd5b6098-0a29-4874-86f3-26c112401306
Nam, Vũ Hoài
853aac12-1a8f-4520-be2a-af6985e224e1
Bunyasi, Brenda
6701bf8e-e8fc-44de-9289-fead864ede96
Kokwaro, Gilbert O.
f1f598fa-e2f2-42a6-976b-d250360282b4
Wu, Jianping
db314ad9-d011-4c77-9ae1-b190f82fd013
Hoque, Md Shamsul
a73d71c3-c368-4715-af13-2098f794383c
Preston, John M.
ef81c42e-c896-4768-92d1-052662037f0b
Stanton, Neville A.
351a44ab-09a0-422a-a738-01df1fe0fadd

McIlroy, Rich C., Plant, Katherine L., Jikyong, Usanisa, Nam, Vũ Hoài, Bunyasi, Brenda, Kokwaro, Gilbert O., Wu, Jianping, Hoque, Md Shamsul, Preston, John M. and Stanton, Neville A. (2019) Vulnerable road users in low-, middle-, and high-income countries: validation of a Pedestrian Behaviour Questionnaire. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 131, 80-94. (doi:10.1016/j.aap.2019.05.027).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The primary aim of this study was to validate the short version of a Pedestrian Behaviour Questionnaire across six culturally and economically distinct countries; Bangladesh, China, Kenya, Thailand, the UK, and Vietnam. The questionnaire comprised 20 items that asked respondents to rate the extent to which they perform certain types of pedestrian behaviours, with each behaviour belonging to one of five categories identified in previous literature; violations, errors, lapses, aggressive behaviours, and positive behaviours. The sample consisted of 3423 respondents across the six countries. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to assess the fit of the data to the five-factor structure, and a four-factor structure in which violations and errors were combined into one factor (seen elsewhere in the literature). For some items, factor loadings were unacceptably low, internal reliability was low for two of the sub-scales, and model fit indices were generally unacceptable for both models. As such, only the violations, lapses, and aggressions sub-scales were retained (those with acceptable reliability and factor loadings), and the three-factor model tested. Although results suggest that the violations sub-scale may need additional attention, the three-factor solution showed the best fit to the data. The resulting 12-item scale is discussed with regards to country differences, and with respect to its utility as a research tool in cross-cultural studies of road user behaviour.

Text
Vulnerable road users in low, middle, and high income countries PBQ validation Accepted version - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 29 May 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 22 June 2019
Published date: 1 October 2019
Keywords: Low- and middle-income countries, Pedestrian behaviour, Questionnaire survey, Traffic safety

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 432353
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/432353
ISSN: 0001-4575
PURE UUID: 240f6abf-0aaa-4ca3-b5be-7bddfe678336
ORCID for Rich C. McIlroy: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-0326-8101
ORCID for Katherine L. Plant: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4532-2818
ORCID for John M. Preston: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6866-049X
ORCID for Neville A. Stanton: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8562-3279

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 Jul 2019 16:30
Last modified: 26 Nov 2021 05:21

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Contributors

Author: Rich C. McIlroy ORCID iD
Author: Usanisa Jikyong
Author: Vũ Hoài Nam
Author: Brenda Bunyasi
Author: Gilbert O. Kokwaro
Author: Jianping Wu
Author: Md Shamsul Hoque
Author: John M. Preston ORCID iD

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