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Using the Event Analysis of Systemic Teamwork (EAST) broken-links approach to understand vulnerabilities to disruption in a darknet market

Using the Event Analysis of Systemic Teamwork (EAST) broken-links approach to understand vulnerabilities to disruption in a darknet market
Using the Event Analysis of Systemic Teamwork (EAST) broken-links approach to understand vulnerabilities to disruption in a darknet market

Darknet markets provide an anonymous, online platform for users to trade illicit drugs, fraudulent identity data, and other commodities. Although law enforcement agencies have been successful in seizing many markets, the Darknet is an agile and dynamic environment and market activities often persist and emerge in a new form. Given this constantly changing environment, new ways of disrupting darknet markets are required. This study used Event Analysis of Systemic Teamwork (EAST) to analyse market activity and understand vulnerabilities to disruption. This involved using the EAST broken-links approach to assess the effects of compromising the transmission of information between tasks and between agents. The analysis identified critical vulnerabilities in the system, which included information involved in registering, depositing funds, communicating listing details to buyers, and communicating dispute resolution messages. This study indicates that systems ergonomics methods—in particular, EAST—can provide insight into system vulnerabilities that might be targeted for disruption. Practitioner summary This study provides a conceptualisation of the processes, people, structures, and information involved in the buying and selling of goods on a darknet market. Law enforcement agencies may use broken-links analyses to systematically consider the effects of their interventions.

Broken links, cryptomarket, Darknet, Event Analysis of Systemic Teamwork, sociotechnical systems
0014-0139
1-16
Lane, Ben R.
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Salmon, Paul M.
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Cherney, Adrian
4c2f82a6-05cb-4fd1-ae0f-3813c9535e76
Lacey, David
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Stanton, Neville A.
351a44ab-09a0-422a-a738-01df1fe0fadd
Lane, Ben R.
cf61ba8e-3b87-4ba6-83f7-1c404a5fbb1c
Salmon, Paul M.
8fcdacc0-31f9-4276-bd9e-8127db6c806e
Cherney, Adrian
4c2f82a6-05cb-4fd1-ae0f-3813c9535e76
Lacey, David
7dd75f78-6bca-4e6a-9678-e41eed4c7e2e
Stanton, Neville A.
351a44ab-09a0-422a-a738-01df1fe0fadd

Lane, Ben R., Salmon, Paul M., Cherney, Adrian, Lacey, David and Stanton, Neville A. (2019) Using the Event Analysis of Systemic Teamwork (EAST) broken-links approach to understand vulnerabilities to disruption in a darknet market. Ergonomics, 1-16. (doi:10.1080/00140139.2019.1621392).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Darknet markets provide an anonymous, online platform for users to trade illicit drugs, fraudulent identity data, and other commodities. Although law enforcement agencies have been successful in seizing many markets, the Darknet is an agile and dynamic environment and market activities often persist and emerge in a new form. Given this constantly changing environment, new ways of disrupting darknet markets are required. This study used Event Analysis of Systemic Teamwork (EAST) to analyse market activity and understand vulnerabilities to disruption. This involved using the EAST broken-links approach to assess the effects of compromising the transmission of information between tasks and between agents. The analysis identified critical vulnerabilities in the system, which included information involved in registering, depositing funds, communicating listing details to buyers, and communicating dispute resolution messages. This study indicates that systems ergonomics methods—in particular, EAST—can provide insight into system vulnerabilities that might be targeted for disruption. Practitioner summary This study provides a conceptualisation of the processes, people, structures, and information involved in the buying and selling of goods on a darknet market. Law enforcement agencies may use broken-links analyses to systematically consider the effects of their interventions.

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Darknet market vulnerabilities (Revision1) - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 14 May 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 22 May 2019
Published date: 3 June 2019
Keywords: Broken links, cryptomarket, Darknet, Event Analysis of Systemic Teamwork, sociotechnical systems

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 432452
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/432452
ISSN: 0014-0139
PURE UUID: dd3fe62f-a080-4f35-98d0-ce8a7fcb5ba0
ORCID for Neville A. Stanton: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8562-3279

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 16 Jul 2019 16:30
Last modified: 26 Nov 2021 05:59

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Contributors

Author: Ben R. Lane
Author: Paul M. Salmon
Author: Adrian Cherney
Author: David Lacey

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