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Guidance on how to develop complex interventions to improve health and health care

Guidance on how to develop complex interventions to improve health and health care
Guidance on how to develop complex interventions to improve health and health care
Objective: To provide researchers with guidance on actions to take during intervention development.

Summary of key points: Based on a consensus exercise informed by reviews and qualitative interviews, we present key principles and actions for consideration when developing interventions to improve health. These include seeing intervention development as a dynamic iterative process, involving stakeholders, reviewing published research evidence, drawing on existing theories, articulating programme theory, undertaking primary data collection, understanding context, paying attention to future implementation in the real world, and designing and refining an intervention using iterative cycles of development with stakeholder input throughout.

Conclusion: Researchers should consider each action by addressing its relevance to a specific intervention in a specific context, both at the start and throughout the development process.
2044-6055
O'Cathain, Alicia
2fa113fb-2028-4cfb-84e2-2c2fdacce907
Croot, Liz
6a7122e5-5491-4c4a-94f7-6be24d84f3a9
Duncan, Edward A.S.
fb1ca430-1a49-4822-9315-b3bef4f78d01
Rousseau, Nikki
4ca285a5-911a-4f74-908f-a5f82bf45c18
Sworn, Katie
2bf35fd4-8c43-4cee-b4a6-68e23dd8e123
Turner, Katrina
c76bab80-e780-4c3e-ab29-88fbfd914bad
Yardley, Lucy
64be42c4-511d-484d-abaa-f8813452a22e
Hoddinott, Pat
d0ad946c-3bc1-4a35-b8fc-4fe7efc3d834
O'Cathain, Alicia
2fa113fb-2028-4cfb-84e2-2c2fdacce907
Croot, Liz
6a7122e5-5491-4c4a-94f7-6be24d84f3a9
Duncan, Edward A.S.
fb1ca430-1a49-4822-9315-b3bef4f78d01
Rousseau, Nikki
4ca285a5-911a-4f74-908f-a5f82bf45c18
Sworn, Katie
2bf35fd4-8c43-4cee-b4a6-68e23dd8e123
Turner, Katrina
c76bab80-e780-4c3e-ab29-88fbfd914bad
Yardley, Lucy
64be42c4-511d-484d-abaa-f8813452a22e
Hoddinott, Pat
d0ad946c-3bc1-4a35-b8fc-4fe7efc3d834

O'Cathain, Alicia, Croot, Liz, Duncan, Edward A.S., Rousseau, Nikki, Sworn, Katie, Turner, Katrina, Yardley, Lucy and Hoddinott, Pat (2019) Guidance on how to develop complex interventions to improve health and health care. BMJ Open. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-029954).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objective: To provide researchers with guidance on actions to take during intervention development.

Summary of key points: Based on a consensus exercise informed by reviews and qualitative interviews, we present key principles and actions for consideration when developing interventions to improve health. These include seeing intervention development as a dynamic iterative process, involving stakeholders, reviewing published research evidence, drawing on existing theories, articulating programme theory, undertaking primary data collection, understanding context, paying attention to future implementation in the real world, and designing and refining an intervention using iterative cycles of development with stakeholder input throughout.

Conclusion: Researchers should consider each action by addressing its relevance to a specific intervention in a specific context, both at the start and throughout the development process.

Text
Developing complex interventions revision 030519 BMJ open O'Cathain - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 15 July 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 15 August 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 432488
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/432488
ISSN: 2044-6055
PURE UUID: d28622c7-9da5-4741-9bfe-1a152c822c02
ORCID for Lucy Yardley: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3853-883X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 17 Jul 2019 16:30
Last modified: 04 Sep 2019 00:37

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Contributors

Author: Alicia O'Cathain
Author: Liz Croot
Author: Edward A.S. Duncan
Author: Nikki Rousseau
Author: Katie Sworn
Author: Katrina Turner
Author: Lucy Yardley ORCID iD
Author: Pat Hoddinott

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