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Adolescents’ and Young Adults’ online risk taking: The role of gist and verbatim representations

Adolescents’ and Young Adults’ online risk taking: The role of gist and verbatim representations
Adolescents’ and Young Adults’ online risk taking: The role of gist and verbatim representations
Young people are exposed to and engage in online risky activities, such as disclosing personal information and making unknown friends online. Little research has examined the psychological mechanisms underlying young people's online risk taking. Drawing on fuzzy trace theory, we examined developmental differences in adolescents’ and young adults’ online risk taking and assessed whether differential reliance on gist representations (based on vague, intuitive knowledge) or verbatim representations (based on specific, factual knowledge) could explain online risk taking. One hundred and twenty two adolescents (ages 13–17) and 172 young adults (ages 18–24) were asked about their past online risk‐taking behavior, intentions to engage in future risky online behavior, and gist and verbatim representations. Adolescents had significantly higher intentions to take online risks than young adults. Past risky online behaviors were positively associated with future intentions to take online risks for adolescents and negatively for young adults. Gist representations about risk negatively correlated with intentions to take risks online in both age groups, while verbatim representations positively correlated with online risk intentions, particularly among adolescents. Our results provide novel insights about the underlying mechanisms involved in adolescent and young adults’ online risk taking, suggesting the need to tailor the representation of online risk information to different age groups.
0272-4332
1407-1422
White, Claire M.
3691286f-f9fe-4700-b7e5-def1e41c122c
Gummerum, Michaela
25b6bc9d-98b8-48c2-84aa-ee3cc921250e
Hanoch, Yaniv
3cf08e80-8bda-4d3b-af1c-46c858aa9f39
White, Claire M.
3691286f-f9fe-4700-b7e5-def1e41c122c
Gummerum, Michaela
25b6bc9d-98b8-48c2-84aa-ee3cc921250e
Hanoch, Yaniv
3cf08e80-8bda-4d3b-af1c-46c858aa9f39

White, Claire M., Gummerum, Michaela and Hanoch, Yaniv (2015) Adolescents’ and Young Adults’ online risk taking: The role of gist and verbatim representations. Risk Analysis, 35 (8), 1407-1422. (doi:10.1111/risa.12369).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Young people are exposed to and engage in online risky activities, such as disclosing personal information and making unknown friends online. Little research has examined the psychological mechanisms underlying young people's online risk taking. Drawing on fuzzy trace theory, we examined developmental differences in adolescents’ and young adults’ online risk taking and assessed whether differential reliance on gist representations (based on vague, intuitive knowledge) or verbatim representations (based on specific, factual knowledge) could explain online risk taking. One hundred and twenty two adolescents (ages 13–17) and 172 young adults (ages 18–24) were asked about their past online risk‐taking behavior, intentions to engage in future risky online behavior, and gist and verbatim representations. Adolescents had significantly higher intentions to take online risks than young adults. Past risky online behaviors were positively associated with future intentions to take online risks for adolescents and negatively for young adults. Gist representations about risk negatively correlated with intentions to take risks online in both age groups, while verbatim representations positively correlated with online risk intentions, particularly among adolescents. Our results provide novel insights about the underlying mechanisms involved in adolescent and young adults’ online risk taking, suggesting the need to tailor the representation of online risk information to different age groups.

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Adolescents and young adults online risky behaviours_ - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 8 January 2015
e-pub ahead of print date: 27 March 2015
Published date: 1 August 2015

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 434057
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/434057
ISSN: 0272-4332
PURE UUID: bc4a3a93-6242-46d1-840a-2dabe31678e9
ORCID for Yaniv Hanoch: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9453-4588

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Date deposited: 11 Sep 2019 16:30
Last modified: 10 Jan 2022 03:19

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Contributors

Author: Claire M. White
Author: Michaela Gummerum
Author: Yaniv Hanoch ORCID iD

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