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Relationship between neighbourhood social participation and depression among older adults: A longitudinal study in China

Relationship between neighbourhood social participation and depression among older adults: A longitudinal study in China
Relationship between neighbourhood social participation and depression among older adults: A longitudinal study in China

Previous research has found a negative linkage between neighbourhood social participation and depressive symptoms in Western countries, but the cross-sectional design of these studies limits the ability to infer causality. Little attention has been paid to socio-psychological pathways linking neighbourhood social participation to depressive symptoms among older adults in China. This study aimed to examine the impact of neighbourhood social participation on depressive symptoms among older adults in China. It also further explored the mediating roles of physical activity, social contact among neighbours, and contact with own children in the relationship between social participation and depressive symptoms. Data obtained through three waves (2011, 2013, and 2015) of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study were used. The sample consisted of 10,105 individuals aged 60 and above and 24,623 person-year records captured during these three waves. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Center for Epidemiology Studies of Depression scale. Results showed that respondents' depression decreased with an increasing level of neighbourhood social participation, more time spent on physical activities, and a higher frequency of contact with neighbours and with own children. These factors were found to partly mediate the relationship between neighbourhood social participation and depression. The negative relationships between social contact and depression and contact with own children and depression were both strengthened by neighbourhood social participation. In conclusion, physical activity, social contact among neighbours and contact with own children are mechanisms through which neighbourhood social participation lowers the risk of depression among older adults in China.

China, depression, longitudinal study, mediating effect, neighbourhood social participation, older adults
0966-0410
Wang, Ruoyu
87337ca7-1c03-4c1c-a6b5-3dbf54d390ad
Feng, Zhixin
33c0073f-a67c-4d8a-9fea-5a502420e589
Liu, Ye
b8f0aad7-cbbf-4b87-b69e-c271a582c172
Lu, Yi
ca6ad963-5143-42a4-87a1-9503a8467ca2
Wang, Ruoyu
87337ca7-1c03-4c1c-a6b5-3dbf54d390ad
Feng, Zhixin
33c0073f-a67c-4d8a-9fea-5a502420e589
Liu, Ye
b8f0aad7-cbbf-4b87-b69e-c271a582c172
Lu, Yi
ca6ad963-5143-42a4-87a1-9503a8467ca2

Wang, Ruoyu, Feng, Zhixin, Liu, Ye and Lu, Yi (2019) Relationship between neighbourhood social participation and depression among older adults: A longitudinal study in China. Health & Social Care in the Community. (doi:10.1111/hsc.12859).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Previous research has found a negative linkage between neighbourhood social participation and depressive symptoms in Western countries, but the cross-sectional design of these studies limits the ability to infer causality. Little attention has been paid to socio-psychological pathways linking neighbourhood social participation to depressive symptoms among older adults in China. This study aimed to examine the impact of neighbourhood social participation on depressive symptoms among older adults in China. It also further explored the mediating roles of physical activity, social contact among neighbours, and contact with own children in the relationship between social participation and depressive symptoms. Data obtained through three waves (2011, 2013, and 2015) of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study were used. The sample consisted of 10,105 individuals aged 60 and above and 24,623 person-year records captured during these three waves. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Center for Epidemiology Studies of Depression scale. Results showed that respondents' depression decreased with an increasing level of neighbourhood social participation, more time spent on physical activities, and a higher frequency of contact with neighbours and with own children. These factors were found to partly mediate the relationship between neighbourhood social participation and depression. The negative relationships between social contact and depression and contact with own children and depression were both strengthened by neighbourhood social participation. In conclusion, physical activity, social contact among neighbours and contact with own children are mechanisms through which neighbourhood social participation lowers the risk of depression among older adults in China.

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Accepted/In Press date: 30 August 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 8 October 2019
Keywords: China, depression, longitudinal study, mediating effect, neighbourhood social participation, older adults

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 435665
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/435665
ISSN: 0966-0410
PURE UUID: 5949c9fb-1d88-4a3d-b141-51d573f6d33f

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Date deposited: 18 Nov 2019 17:30
Last modified: 26 Nov 2019 17:30

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