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The effectiveness of attachment security priming in improving positive affect and reducing negative affect: a systematic review

The effectiveness of attachment security priming in improving positive affect and reducing negative affect: a systematic review
The effectiveness of attachment security priming in improving positive affect and reducing negative affect: a systematic review
Attachment security priming has been extensively used in relationship research to explore the contents of mental models of attachment and examine the benefits derived from enhancing security. This systematic review explores the effectiveness of attachment security priming in improving positive affect and reducing negative affect in adults and children. The review searched four electronic databases for peer reviewed journal articles. Thirty empirical studies met our inclusion criteria, including 28 adult and 2 child and adolescent samples. The findings show that attachment security priming improved positive affect and reduced negative affect relative to control primes. Supraliminal and subliminal primes were equally effective in enhancing security in one-shot prime studies (we only reviewed repeated priming studies using supraliminal primes so could not compare prime types in these). Global attachment style moderated the primed style in approximately half of the studies. Importantly, repeated priming studies showed a cumulative positive effect of security priming over time. We conclude that repeated priming study designs may be the most effective. More research is needed that explores the use of attachment security priming as a possible intervention to improve emotional wellbeing, in particular for adolescents and children.
attachment, security, security priming, depression, anxiety, positive affect, negative affect
1660-4601
Rowe, Angela C.
961710a1-32ad-4659-8ff2-4239d67974a5
Gold, Emily
16a36aaa-557e-4f53-9b85-d0c3c93aabf1
Carnelley, Katherine
02a55020-a0bc-480e-a0ff-c8fe56ee9c36
Rowe, Angela C.
961710a1-32ad-4659-8ff2-4239d67974a5
Gold, Emily
16a36aaa-557e-4f53-9b85-d0c3c93aabf1
Carnelley, Katherine
02a55020-a0bc-480e-a0ff-c8fe56ee9c36

Rowe, Angela C., Gold, Emily and Carnelley, Katherine (2020) The effectiveness of attachment security priming in improving positive affect and reducing negative affect: a systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (3), [968]. (doi:10.3390/ijerph17030968).

Record type: Review

Abstract

Attachment security priming has been extensively used in relationship research to explore the contents of mental models of attachment and examine the benefits derived from enhancing security. This systematic review explores the effectiveness of attachment security priming in improving positive affect and reducing negative affect in adults and children. The review searched four electronic databases for peer reviewed journal articles. Thirty empirical studies met our inclusion criteria, including 28 adult and 2 child and adolescent samples. The findings show that attachment security priming improved positive affect and reduced negative affect relative to control primes. Supraliminal and subliminal primes were equally effective in enhancing security in one-shot prime studies (we only reviewed repeated priming studies using supraliminal primes so could not compare prime types in these). Global attachment style moderated the primed style in approximately half of the studies. Importantly, repeated priming studies showed a cumulative positive effect of security priming over time. We conclude that repeated priming study designs may be the most effective. More research is needed that explores the use of attachment security priming as a possible intervention to improve emotional wellbeing, in particular for adolescents and children.

Text
ijerph Rowe, Gold, Carnelley PURE - Accepted Manuscript
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 21 January 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 4 February 2020
Keywords: attachment, security, security priming, depression, anxiety, positive affect, negative affect

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 437808
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/437808
ISSN: 1660-4601
PURE UUID: c391ba08-ca37-4669-99af-2ce121acbbb8

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 18 Feb 2020 17:30
Last modified: 18 Feb 2020 17:30

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