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Temperature-body size responses in insects: a case study of British Odonata

Temperature-body size responses in insects: a case study of British Odonata
Temperature-body size responses in insects: a case study of British Odonata
1. Body size is highly correlated with physiological traits, fitness, and trophic interactions. These traits are subject to change if there are widespread reductions of body size with warming temperatures, which is suggested as one of the “universal” ecological responses to climate change. However, general patterns of body size response to temperature in insects have not yet emerged.
2. To address this knowledge gap, we paired the wing length (as a proxy for body size) of 5,331 museum specimens of 14 species of British Odonata with historical temperature data. Three sets of analyses were performed 1) a regression analysis to test for a relationship between wing length and mean seasonal temperature within species and subsequent comparisons across species and suborders, 2) an investigation of whether the body size of species has an effect on sensitivity to warming temperature and, 3) a linear-mixed effects model to investigate factors that potentially affect temperature-size response.
3. The regression analysis indicated that wing length is negatively correlated with mean seasonal temperatures for Zygoptera, while, Anisoptera showed no significant correlation with temperature.
4. There is a significant decline in wing length of all Zygoptera (but not Anisoptera) with collection date, suggesting that individuals emerging later in the season are smaller.
5. Life-cycle type was not important for predicting wing length-temperature responses, whereas sex, species and suborder were indicated as important factors affecting the magnitude of temperature-size responses in Odonata.
6.Overall, wing lengths of Zygoptera are more sensitive to temperature and collection date than Anisoptera.
795-805
Wonglersak, Rungtip
f24396b9-ad21-420b-ab8d-6c69403d83bc
Fenberg, Phillip
c73918cd-98cc-41e6-a18c-bf0de4f1ace8
Langdon, Peter
95b97671-f9fe-4884-aca6-9aa3cd1a6d7f
Brooks, Steve
c07e9e81-3ea9-42b5-914f-2fb2bcf704d7
Price, Ben
27a11bcf-793b-4484-bb2b-f1be462da7e3
Wonglersak, Rungtip
f24396b9-ad21-420b-ab8d-6c69403d83bc
Fenberg, Phillip
c73918cd-98cc-41e6-a18c-bf0de4f1ace8
Langdon, Peter
95b97671-f9fe-4884-aca6-9aa3cd1a6d7f
Brooks, Steve
c07e9e81-3ea9-42b5-914f-2fb2bcf704d7
Price, Ben
27a11bcf-793b-4484-bb2b-f1be462da7e3

Wonglersak, Rungtip, Fenberg, Phillip, Langdon, Peter, Brooks, Steve and Price, Ben (2020) Temperature-body size responses in insects: a case study of British Odonata. Ecological Entomology, 45 (4), 795-805. (doi:10.1111/een.12853).

Record type: Article

Abstract

1. Body size is highly correlated with physiological traits, fitness, and trophic interactions. These traits are subject to change if there are widespread reductions of body size with warming temperatures, which is suggested as one of the “universal” ecological responses to climate change. However, general patterns of body size response to temperature in insects have not yet emerged.
2. To address this knowledge gap, we paired the wing length (as a proxy for body size) of 5,331 museum specimens of 14 species of British Odonata with historical temperature data. Three sets of analyses were performed 1) a regression analysis to test for a relationship between wing length and mean seasonal temperature within species and subsequent comparisons across species and suborders, 2) an investigation of whether the body size of species has an effect on sensitivity to warming temperature and, 3) a linear-mixed effects model to investigate factors that potentially affect temperature-size response.
3. The regression analysis indicated that wing length is negatively correlated with mean seasonal temperatures for Zygoptera, while, Anisoptera showed no significant correlation with temperature.
4. There is a significant decline in wing length of all Zygoptera (but not Anisoptera) with collection date, suggesting that individuals emerging later in the season are smaller.
5. Life-cycle type was not important for predicting wing length-temperature responses, whereas sex, species and suborder were indicated as important factors affecting the magnitude of temperature-size responses in Odonata.
6.Overall, wing lengths of Zygoptera are more sensitive to temperature and collection date than Anisoptera.

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Wonglersak et al Accepted MS with figs - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 30 January 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 26 February 2020
Published date: August 2020

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 437937
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/437937
PURE UUID: 9d0463fb-6da9-40bb-b817-fc90eca1ef3b
ORCID for Rungtip Wonglersak: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0583-8334
ORCID for Peter Langdon: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2724-2643

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Date deposited: 24 Feb 2020 17:31
Last modified: 31 Jan 2021 05:01

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