The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Effect of cavity flow control on high speed train pantograph and roof aerodynamic noise

Effect of cavity flow control on high speed train pantograph and roof aerodynamic noise
Effect of cavity flow control on high speed train pantograph and roof aerodynamic noise
The pantograph and its recess on the train roof are major aerodynamic noise sources on high-speed trains. Reducing this noise is particularly important because conventional noise barriers usually do not shield the pantograph. However, less attention has been paid to the pantograph recess compared with the pantograph. In this paper, the flow features and noise contribution of two types of noise reduction treatments rounded and chamfered edges are studied for a simplified high speed train pantograph recess, which is represented as a rectangular cavity and numerically investigated at 1/10 scale. Improved Delayed Detached-Eddy Simulations are performed for the near-field turbulent flow simulation and the Ffowcs Williams & Hawkings aeroacoustic analogy is used for far-field noise prediction. The highly unsteady flow over the cavity is significantly reduced by the cavity edge modifications and consequently, the noise radiated from the cavity is reduced. Furthermore, effects of the rounded cavity edges on the flow and noise of the pantographs (one raised and one folded) are investigated by comparing the flow features and noise contributions from the cases with and without rounding of the cavity edges. Different train running directions are also considered. Flow analysis shows that the highly unsteady flow within the cavity is reduced by rounding the cavity edges and a slightly lower flow speed occurs around the upper parts of the raised pantograph, whereas the flow velocity in the cavity is slightly increased by the rounding. Higher pressure fluctuations occur on the folded pantograph and the lower parts of the raised pantograph, whereas weaker fluctuations are found on the panhead of the raised pantograph. This study shows that by rounding the cavity edges, a reduction in radiated noise at the side and the top receiver positions can be achieved. Noise reductions in the other directions can also be found.
Aeroacoustics, Cavity flow, High-speed train, Pantograph, Pantograph recess, noise control
54-74
Kim, Hogun
59edd0de-2b60-4583-a550-424384a76732
Hu, Zhiwei
dd985844-1e6b-44ba-9e1d-fa57c6c88d65
Thompson, David
bca37fd3-d692-4779-b663-5916b01edae5
Kim, Hogun
59edd0de-2b60-4583-a550-424384a76732
Hu, Zhiwei
dd985844-1e6b-44ba-9e1d-fa57c6c88d65
Thompson, David
bca37fd3-d692-4779-b663-5916b01edae5

Kim, Hogun, Hu, Zhiwei and Thompson, David (2020) Effect of cavity flow control on high speed train pantograph and roof aerodynamic noise. Railway Engineering Science, 28 (1), 54-74. (doi:10.1007/s40534-020-00205-y).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The pantograph and its recess on the train roof are major aerodynamic noise sources on high-speed trains. Reducing this noise is particularly important because conventional noise barriers usually do not shield the pantograph. However, less attention has been paid to the pantograph recess compared with the pantograph. In this paper, the flow features and noise contribution of two types of noise reduction treatments rounded and chamfered edges are studied for a simplified high speed train pantograph recess, which is represented as a rectangular cavity and numerically investigated at 1/10 scale. Improved Delayed Detached-Eddy Simulations are performed for the near-field turbulent flow simulation and the Ffowcs Williams & Hawkings aeroacoustic analogy is used for far-field noise prediction. The highly unsteady flow over the cavity is significantly reduced by the cavity edge modifications and consequently, the noise radiated from the cavity is reduced. Furthermore, effects of the rounded cavity edges on the flow and noise of the pantographs (one raised and one folded) are investigated by comparing the flow features and noise contributions from the cases with and without rounding of the cavity edges. Different train running directions are also considered. Flow analysis shows that the highly unsteady flow within the cavity is reduced by rounding the cavity edges and a slightly lower flow speed occurs around the upper parts of the raised pantograph, whereas the flow velocity in the cavity is slightly increased by the rounding. Higher pressure fluctuations occur on the folded pantograph and the lower parts of the raised pantograph, whereas weaker fluctuations are found on the panhead of the raised pantograph. This study shows that by rounding the cavity edges, a reduction in radiated noise at the side and the top receiver positions can be achieved. Noise reductions in the other directions can also be found.

Text
RES_Manuscript_HogunKim - Accepted Manuscript
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
Download (24MB)
Text
Kim2020_Article_EffectOfCavityFlowControlOnHig - Version of Record
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
Download (6MB)

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 6 February 2020
Published date: 5 March 2020
Keywords: Aeroacoustics, Cavity flow, High-speed train, Pantograph, Pantograph recess, noise control

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 438985
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/438985
PURE UUID: 06a1e168-9137-45f9-a18a-b311b9b50596
ORCID for Hogun Kim: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-6887-8483
ORCID for David Thompson: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-7964-5906

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 31 Mar 2020 16:30
Last modified: 28 Apr 2022 01:41

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Hogun Kim ORCID iD
Author: Zhiwei Hu
Author: David Thompson ORCID iD

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×