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Out of control? Using STAMP to model the control and feedback mechanisms surrounding identity crime in darknet marketplaces

Out of control? Using STAMP to model the control and feedback mechanisms surrounding identity crime in darknet marketplaces
Out of control? Using STAMP to model the control and feedback mechanisms surrounding identity crime in darknet marketplaces
Darknet marketplaces have emerged as a facilitator of identity crime and trading. This study aimed to (1) understand the entities and control and feedback mechanisms that influence identity crime prevention and occurrence on the darknet in the Australian system and to (2) comprehensively identify the implications of control failures across all system levels. The Systems-Theoretic Accident Model and Processes (STAMP) was used to develop an identity crime control structure in consultation with subject matter experts and then the Systems-Theoretic Process Analysis (STPA) was applied. The STPA identified 310 risk states, resulting from control failures and which were associated with the range of agencies, organisations, and individuals present across system levels. As darknet marketplaces rapidly evolve, alignment between these entities is necessary to enable agile system responses. STAMP and STPA have promise in understanding the potential for intervention across all system levels in preventing societal issues such as identity crime.
Darknet, identity crime, Systems Therorectic Process Analysis
0003-6870
Lane, Ben R.
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Salmon, Paul
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Desmond, Dennis
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Cherney, Adrian
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Carley, adam
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Hulme, Adam
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Stanton, Neville
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Lane, Ben R.
cf61ba8e-3b87-4ba6-83f7-1c404a5fbb1c
Salmon, Paul
5398e747-09a5-47c2-9982-2906880c64c6
Desmond, Dennis
e68fccae-6781-4516-b69d-fae1271612a0
Cherney, Adrian
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Carley, adam
1b7d10d4-804a-4673-8fd8-6dadf0fb2a5f
Hulme, Adam
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Stanton, Neville
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Lane, Ben R., Salmon, Paul, Desmond, Dennis, Cherney, Adrian, Carley, adam, Hulme, Adam and Stanton, Neville (2020) Out of control? Using STAMP to model the control and feedback mechanisms surrounding identity crime in darknet marketplaces. Applied Ergonomics. (In Press)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Darknet marketplaces have emerged as a facilitator of identity crime and trading. This study aimed to (1) understand the entities and control and feedback mechanisms that influence identity crime prevention and occurrence on the darknet in the Australian system and to (2) comprehensively identify the implications of control failures across all system levels. The Systems-Theoretic Accident Model and Processes (STAMP) was used to develop an identity crime control structure in consultation with subject matter experts and then the Systems-Theoretic Process Analysis (STPA) was applied. The STPA identified 310 risk states, resulting from control failures and which were associated with the range of agencies, organisations, and individuals present across system levels. As darknet marketplaces rapidly evolve, alignment between these entities is necessary to enable agile system responses. STAMP and STPA have promise in understanding the potential for intervention across all system levels in preventing societal issues such as identity crime.

Text
Manuscript (darknet STAMPSTPA; final submitted version) - Accepted Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only until 18 July 2022.
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 18 July 2020
Keywords: Darknet, identity crime, Systems Therorectic Process Analysis

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 442780
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/442780
ISSN: 0003-6870
PURE UUID: 557e307a-3499-472e-9181-bea932dd6993
ORCID for Neville Stanton: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8562-3279

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 27 Jul 2020 16:30
Last modified: 18 Feb 2021 17:13

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Contributors

Author: Ben R. Lane
Author: Paul Salmon
Author: Dennis Desmond
Author: Adrian Cherney
Author: adam Carley
Author: Adam Hulme
Author: Neville Stanton ORCID iD

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