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What shapes adolescents’ diet and physical activity habits in rural Kokan, India? Adolescents’ and caregivers’ perspectives

What shapes adolescents’ diet and physical activity habits in rural Kokan, India? Adolescents’ and caregivers’ perspectives
What shapes adolescents’ diet and physical activity habits in rural Kokan, India? Adolescents’ and caregivers’ perspectives
Objective:
To explore, adolescents’ and caregivers’ perspectives, about shaping of diet and physical activity habits in rural Konkan, India.

Design:
Five focus group discussions (FGD) were conducted with adolescents and two with caregivers. Data were analysed using thematic analysis.

Setting:
FGD were conducted in secondary schools located in remote rural villages in the Ratnagiri district, Konkan region, Maharashtra, India.

Participants:
Forty-eight adolescents were recruited including twenty younger (10–12 years) and twenty-eight older (15–17 years) adolescents. Sixteen caregivers (all mothers) were also recruited.

Results:
Three themes emerged from discussion: (i) adolescents’ and caregivers’ perceptions of the barriers to healthy diet and physical activity, (ii) acceptance of the status quo and (iii) salience of social and economic transition. Adolescents’ basic dietary and physical activity needs were rarely met by the resources available and infrastructure of the villages. There were few opportunities for physical activity, other than performing household chores and walking long distances to school. Adolescents and their caregivers accepted these limitations and their inability to change them. Increased use of digital media and availability of junk foods marked the beginning of a social and economic transition.

Conclusion:
FGD with adolescents and their caregivers provided insights into factors influencing adolescent diet and physical activity in rural India. Scarcity of basic resources limited adolescent diet and opportunities for physical activity. To achieve current nutritional and physical activity recommendations for adolescents requires improved infrastructure in these settings, changes which may accompany the current Indian social and economic transition.
Adolescence, Diet, Food choices, Physical activity, Qualitative study, Rural India
1368-9800
Banavali, Ulka
830138d5-56d1-4dd5-9b2c-a4c04cd3a82a
Patil, Suvarna
b9e3bcdc-bafb-40f8-b56b-0024927fb92c
Chavan, Rupali
4d109533-b112-4cdc-8ef7-5905812512b7
Sonawane, Swati
1d56ab9e-518c-4165-835d-0d73c13c285a
Joglekar, Charudatta V.
eda2bdf9-acdc-472a-8703-57450afc7f31
Fall, Caroline
7171a105-34f5-4131-89d7-1aa639893b18
Weller, Susan
6ad1e079-1a7c-41bf-8678-bff11c55142b
Kehoe, Sarah
534e5729-632b-4b4f-8401-164d8c20aa26
Barker, Mary
374310ad-d308-44af-b6da-515bf5d2d6d2
Hardy-Johnson, Polly
49276c2f-01a9-4488-9f30-dc359cf867e0
TALENT collaboration
Banavali, Ulka
830138d5-56d1-4dd5-9b2c-a4c04cd3a82a
Patil, Suvarna
b9e3bcdc-bafb-40f8-b56b-0024927fb92c
Chavan, Rupali
4d109533-b112-4cdc-8ef7-5905812512b7
Sonawane, Swati
1d56ab9e-518c-4165-835d-0d73c13c285a
Joglekar, Charudatta V.
eda2bdf9-acdc-472a-8703-57450afc7f31
Fall, Caroline
7171a105-34f5-4131-89d7-1aa639893b18
Weller, Susan
6ad1e079-1a7c-41bf-8678-bff11c55142b
Kehoe, Sarah
534e5729-632b-4b4f-8401-164d8c20aa26
Barker, Mary
374310ad-d308-44af-b6da-515bf5d2d6d2
Hardy-Johnson, Polly
49276c2f-01a9-4488-9f30-dc359cf867e0

Banavali, Ulka, Patil, Suvarna, Chavan, Rupali, Sonawane, Swati, Joglekar, Charudatta V., Fall, Caroline, Weller, Susan, Kehoe, Sarah, Barker, Mary and Hardy-Johnson, Polly , TALENT collaboration (2020) What shapes adolescents’ diet and physical activity habits in rural Kokan, India? Adolescents’ and caregivers’ perspectives. Public Health Nutrition. (doi:10.1017/S1368980020001731).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objective:
To explore, adolescents’ and caregivers’ perspectives, about shaping of diet and physical activity habits in rural Konkan, India.

Design:
Five focus group discussions (FGD) were conducted with adolescents and two with caregivers. Data were analysed using thematic analysis.

Setting:
FGD were conducted in secondary schools located in remote rural villages in the Ratnagiri district, Konkan region, Maharashtra, India.

Participants:
Forty-eight adolescents were recruited including twenty younger (10–12 years) and twenty-eight older (15–17 years) adolescents. Sixteen caregivers (all mothers) were also recruited.

Results:
Three themes emerged from discussion: (i) adolescents’ and caregivers’ perceptions of the barriers to healthy diet and physical activity, (ii) acceptance of the status quo and (iii) salience of social and economic transition. Adolescents’ basic dietary and physical activity needs were rarely met by the resources available and infrastructure of the villages. There were few opportunities for physical activity, other than performing household chores and walking long distances to school. Adolescents and their caregivers accepted these limitations and their inability to change them. Increased use of digital media and availability of junk foods marked the beginning of a social and economic transition.

Conclusion:
FGD with adolescents and their caregivers provided insights into factors influencing adolescent diet and physical activity in rural India. Scarcity of basic resources limited adolescent diet and opportunities for physical activity. To achieve current nutritional and physical activity recommendations for adolescents requires improved infrastructure in these settings, changes which may accompany the current Indian social and economic transition.

Text
TALENT-Dervan-Final- after acceptance-(corrections in red) (002) - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 6 May 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 23 July 2020
Keywords: Adolescence, Diet, Food choices, Physical activity, Qualitative study, Rural India

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 443126
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/443126
ISSN: 1368-9800
PURE UUID: a7024882-0c29-4d44-8982-fcf961157128
ORCID for Caroline Fall: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4402-5552
ORCID for Susan Weller: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6839-876X
ORCID for Sarah Kehoe: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2584-7999
ORCID for Mary Barker: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2976-0217

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 Aug 2020 16:34
Last modified: 28 Apr 2022 02:13

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Contributors

Author: Ulka Banavali
Author: Suvarna Patil
Author: Rupali Chavan
Author: Swati Sonawane
Author: Charudatta V. Joglekar
Author: Caroline Fall ORCID iD
Author: Susan Weller ORCID iD
Author: Sarah Kehoe ORCID iD
Author: Mary Barker ORCID iD
Author: Polly Hardy-Johnson
Corporate Author: TALENT collaboration

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