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Gendered regulations and SME performance in transition economies

Gendered regulations and SME performance in transition economies
Gendered regulations and SME performance in transition economies

This article explores the culture-regulations-gender triad in relation to small and medium enterprises’ (SMEs’) performance. Using a firm-level panel dataset drawn from 27 countries in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia between 2005 and 2014, we show that women and men experience and respond differently to regulations. Women take regulations very seriously and as a result, their SMEs see improved performance, whereas men discount the influence of regulations which then depresses the performance of their SMEs. However, when women respond to regulatory enforcers, it erodes the performance of their SMEs, whereas when men engage enforcers, the performance of their SMEs improves. The fact that women and men experience and respond to the same regulations differently—regardless of country effect and whether their SMEs are high- or low-performing businesses—suggests that regulations perpetuate gender biases, thus impacting not only individuals but even the organizations they lead. Our study expands gendered institutions theory by clarifying how regulations diffuse cultural values and influence women and men, as well as their SMEs, differently.

Culture, Entrepreneurship, Gender, Regulations, SMEs
0921-898X
Vershinina, Natalia
f3dabded-dc7e-4388-9b51-a084f8d60116
Markman, Gideon
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Han, Liang
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Rodgers, Peter
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Kitching, John
bdf53508-214b-45d9-8f17-c1d40bd66533
Hashimzade, Nigar
c7bc7b39-05c1-45c5-8d96-d3be00d7f85d
Barrett, Rowena
25fe4dd9-fa9a-4079-8acd-aa00d09382db
Vershinina, Natalia
f3dabded-dc7e-4388-9b51-a084f8d60116
Markman, Gideon
7c1e2301-c80e-4aee-9b04-2d754ccb91cc
Han, Liang
789fb0d7-75a8-48cf-aa48-c4b48c983b94
Rodgers, Peter
78e39552-3d65-4b44-b0e1-10043ba3ff5d
Kitching, John
bdf53508-214b-45d9-8f17-c1d40bd66533
Hashimzade, Nigar
c7bc7b39-05c1-45c5-8d96-d3be00d7f85d
Barrett, Rowena
25fe4dd9-fa9a-4079-8acd-aa00d09382db

Vershinina, Natalia, Markman, Gideon, Han, Liang, Rodgers, Peter, Kitching, John, Hashimzade, Nigar and Barrett, Rowena (2020) Gendered regulations and SME performance in transition economies. Small Business Economics. (doi:10.1007/s11187-020-00436-7).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This article explores the culture-regulations-gender triad in relation to small and medium enterprises’ (SMEs’) performance. Using a firm-level panel dataset drawn from 27 countries in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia between 2005 and 2014, we show that women and men experience and respond differently to regulations. Women take regulations very seriously and as a result, their SMEs see improved performance, whereas men discount the influence of regulations which then depresses the performance of their SMEs. However, when women respond to regulatory enforcers, it erodes the performance of their SMEs, whereas when men engage enforcers, the performance of their SMEs improves. The fact that women and men experience and respond to the same regulations differently—regardless of country effect and whether their SMEs are high- or low-performing businesses—suggests that regulations perpetuate gender biases, thus impacting not only individuals but even the organizations they lead. Our study expands gendered institutions theory by clarifying how regulations diffuse cultural values and influence women and men, as well as their SMEs, differently.

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Accepted/In Press date: 30 September 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 24 November 2020
Additional Information: Publisher Copyright: © 2020, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
Keywords: Culture, Entrepreneurship, Gender, Regulations, SMEs

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 444344
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/444344
ISSN: 0921-898X
PURE UUID: d9f1244e-1431-4973-b909-3d939b470b78

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Date deposited: 13 Oct 2020 16:48
Last modified: 29 Nov 2022 05:01

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Contributors

Author: Natalia Vershinina
Author: Gideon Markman
Author: Liang Han
Author: Peter Rodgers
Author: John Kitching
Author: Nigar Hashimzade
Author: Rowena Barrett

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