The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository
Warning ePrints Soton is experiencing an issue with some file downloads not being available. We are working hard to fix this. Please bear with us.

Physical activity, mental health and well-being of adults during initial COVID-19 containment strategies: A multi-country cross-sectional analysis

Physical activity, mental health and well-being of adults during initial COVID-19 containment strategies: A multi-country cross-sectional analysis
Physical activity, mental health and well-being of adults during initial COVID-19 containment strategies: A multi-country cross-sectional analysis
Objectives To assess physical activity (PA), mental health and well-being of adults in the United Kingdom (UK), Ireland, New Zealand and Australia during the initial stages of National governments’ Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) containment responses. Design Observational, cross-sectional. Methods An online survey was disseminated to adults (n = 8,425; 44.5 ± 14.8y) residing in the UK, Ireland, New Zealand and Australia within the first 2-6 weeks of government-mandated COVID-19 restrictions. Main outcome measures included: Stages of Change scale for exercise behaviour change; International Physical Activity Questionnaire (short-form); World Health Organisation-5 Well-being Index; and the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale-9. Results Participants who reported a negative change in exercise behaviour from before initial COVID-19 restrictions to during the initial COVID-19 restrictions demonstrated poorer mental health and well-being compared to those demonstrating either a positive-or no change in their exercise behaviour (p < 0.001). Whilst women reported more positive changes in exercise behaviour, young people (18-29y) reported more negative changes (both p < 0.001). Individuals who had more positive exercise behaviours reported better mental health and well-being (p < 0.001). Although there were no differences in PA between countries, individuals in New Zealand reported better mental health and well-being (p < 0.001). Conclusion The initial COVID-19 restrictions have differentially impacted upon PA habits of individuals based upon their age and sex, and therefore have important implications for international policy and guideline recommendations. Public health interventions that encourage PA should target specific groups (e.g., men, young adults) who are most vulnerable to the negative effects of physical distancing and/or self-isolation.
Faulkner, James
2bc6c985-dee9-4c5e-9798-c616b8eefdd7
O’Brien, Wendy J.
89551dde-27f4-484b-a420-10f6e24ab42d
Mcgrane, Bronagh
0d8ecee9-d995-493a-a53e-8231ce184c18
Wadsworth, Daniel
69e655d2-f1ae-4dc3-9232-13f5ea771618
Batten, John
147e6c5e-6010-4c5b-9e74-d9cf95f90b20
Askew, Christopher D.
dd6afc64-0a4a-4f02-994f-1d5e8e2866b6
Badenhorst, Claire
55f054f4-e9c6-40dd-b7c2-362e1f9a41ec
Byrd, Erin
808c26f7-7961-49d8-8177-df509b71aee8
Coulter, Maura
d12e33f1-06b6-4108-b90d-482cbae8c531
Draper, Nick
b1f95ba7-fd21-4089-b836-94c9d85a3914
Elliot, Catherine
eec6812d-4a87-4c1d-85c8-167322d5085f
Fryer, Simon
9935c568-e5fc-4b23-a39e-525d9d61da70
Hamlin, Michael J.
0c52e9a4-6d8a-4237-b502-4853ce9cdfe3
Jakeman, John
b6ba868e-880f-49a4-9abf-7a45c3d006f2
Mackintosh, Kelly A.
8f43d18a-f667-444e-a0f6-64c28196e19b
McNarry, Melitta A.
41b60ac5-2ab3-43a5-9379-64be21517863
Mitchelmore, Andrew
05be4f15-27a1-4b78-be82-2d10fe7c36d1
Murphy, John
06aeb72c-2ea2-4f4c-bcb9-c649fde4cf36
Ryan-Stewart, Helen
5789e26a-c2eb-4df5-8faa-dcb7ee675edc
Saynor, Zoe
1e3fead5-877e-4045-95d5-c4c97f8b0547
Schaumberg, Mia
c8c4f933-b90a-44c8-b6be-0abdca6fbdde
Stone, Keeron
d2ca8269-7990-40cd-888d-01ad8c6cfdd1
Stoner, Lee
fc664371-fcdc-412d-b2c2-1c1ce983b95e
Stuart, Beth
626862fc-892b-4f6d-9cbb-7a8d7172b209
Lambrick, Danielle
1deafa4b-acf3-4eff-83c9-f8274e47e993
Faulkner, James
2bc6c985-dee9-4c5e-9798-c616b8eefdd7
O’Brien, Wendy J.
89551dde-27f4-484b-a420-10f6e24ab42d
Mcgrane, Bronagh
0d8ecee9-d995-493a-a53e-8231ce184c18
Wadsworth, Daniel
69e655d2-f1ae-4dc3-9232-13f5ea771618
Batten, John
147e6c5e-6010-4c5b-9e74-d9cf95f90b20
Askew, Christopher D.
dd6afc64-0a4a-4f02-994f-1d5e8e2866b6
Badenhorst, Claire
55f054f4-e9c6-40dd-b7c2-362e1f9a41ec
Byrd, Erin
808c26f7-7961-49d8-8177-df509b71aee8
Coulter, Maura
d12e33f1-06b6-4108-b90d-482cbae8c531
Draper, Nick
b1f95ba7-fd21-4089-b836-94c9d85a3914
Elliot, Catherine
eec6812d-4a87-4c1d-85c8-167322d5085f
Fryer, Simon
9935c568-e5fc-4b23-a39e-525d9d61da70
Hamlin, Michael J.
0c52e9a4-6d8a-4237-b502-4853ce9cdfe3
Jakeman, John
b6ba868e-880f-49a4-9abf-7a45c3d006f2
Mackintosh, Kelly A.
8f43d18a-f667-444e-a0f6-64c28196e19b
McNarry, Melitta A.
41b60ac5-2ab3-43a5-9379-64be21517863
Mitchelmore, Andrew
05be4f15-27a1-4b78-be82-2d10fe7c36d1
Murphy, John
06aeb72c-2ea2-4f4c-bcb9-c649fde4cf36
Ryan-Stewart, Helen
5789e26a-c2eb-4df5-8faa-dcb7ee675edc
Saynor, Zoe
1e3fead5-877e-4045-95d5-c4c97f8b0547
Schaumberg, Mia
c8c4f933-b90a-44c8-b6be-0abdca6fbdde
Stone, Keeron
d2ca8269-7990-40cd-888d-01ad8c6cfdd1
Stoner, Lee
fc664371-fcdc-412d-b2c2-1c1ce983b95e
Stuart, Beth
626862fc-892b-4f6d-9cbb-7a8d7172b209
Lambrick, Danielle
1deafa4b-acf3-4eff-83c9-f8274e47e993

Faulkner, James, O’Brien, Wendy J., Mcgrane, Bronagh, Wadsworth, Daniel, Batten, John, Askew, Christopher D., Badenhorst, Claire, Byrd, Erin, Coulter, Maura, Draper, Nick, Elliot, Catherine, Fryer, Simon, Hamlin, Michael J., Jakeman, John, Mackintosh, Kelly A., McNarry, Melitta A., Mitchelmore, Andrew, Murphy, John, Ryan-Stewart, Helen, Saynor, Zoe, Schaumberg, Mia, Stone, Keeron, Stoner, Lee, Stuart, Beth and Lambrick, Danielle (2020) Physical activity, mental health and well-being of adults during initial COVID-19 containment strategies: A multi-country cross-sectional analysis. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. (doi:10.1016/j.jsams.2020.11.016).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objectives To assess physical activity (PA), mental health and well-being of adults in the United Kingdom (UK), Ireland, New Zealand and Australia during the initial stages of National governments’ Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) containment responses. Design Observational, cross-sectional. Methods An online survey was disseminated to adults (n = 8,425; 44.5 ± 14.8y) residing in the UK, Ireland, New Zealand and Australia within the first 2-6 weeks of government-mandated COVID-19 restrictions. Main outcome measures included: Stages of Change scale for exercise behaviour change; International Physical Activity Questionnaire (short-form); World Health Organisation-5 Well-being Index; and the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale-9. Results Participants who reported a negative change in exercise behaviour from before initial COVID-19 restrictions to during the initial COVID-19 restrictions demonstrated poorer mental health and well-being compared to those demonstrating either a positive-or no change in their exercise behaviour (p < 0.001). Whilst women reported more positive changes in exercise behaviour, young people (18-29y) reported more negative changes (both p < 0.001). Individuals who had more positive exercise behaviours reported better mental health and well-being (p < 0.001). Although there were no differences in PA between countries, individuals in New Zealand reported better mental health and well-being (p < 0.001). Conclusion The initial COVID-19 restrictions have differentially impacted upon PA habits of individuals based upon their age and sex, and therefore have important implications for international policy and guideline recommendations. Public health interventions that encourage PA should target specific groups (e.g., men, young adults) who are most vulnerable to the negative effects of physical distancing and/or self-isolation.

Text
Physical activity, mental health and well-being of adults during initial COVID-19 containment strategies A multi-country cross-sectional analysis. - Accepted Manuscript
Download (91kB)

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 23 November 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 3 December 2020

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 445975
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/445975
PURE UUID: 3d198bb4-562f-455a-9d04-ee6121fc86c2
ORCID for Beth Stuart: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5432-7437
ORCID for Danielle Lambrick: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0325-6015

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 18 Jan 2021 17:30
Last modified: 09 Jan 2022 08:12

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: James Faulkner
Author: Wendy J. O’Brien
Author: Bronagh Mcgrane
Author: Daniel Wadsworth
Author: John Batten
Author: Christopher D. Askew
Author: Claire Badenhorst
Author: Erin Byrd
Author: Maura Coulter
Author: Nick Draper
Author: Catherine Elliot
Author: Simon Fryer
Author: Michael J. Hamlin
Author: John Jakeman
Author: Kelly A. Mackintosh
Author: Melitta A. McNarry
Author: Andrew Mitchelmore
Author: John Murphy
Author: Helen Ryan-Stewart
Author: Zoe Saynor
Author: Mia Schaumberg
Author: Keeron Stone
Author: Lee Stoner
Author: Beth Stuart ORCID iD

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×