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Dataset for: Measures of space-time non-separability of electromagnetic pulses

Dataset for: Measures of space-time non-separability of electromagnetic pulses
Dataset for: Measures of space-time non-separability of electromagnetic pulses
This dataset supports the publication: "Measures of space-time nonseparability of electromagnetic pulses" by Y. Shen, A. Zdagkas, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev in Physical Review Research 2021. Electromagnetic pulses are typically treated as space-time (or space-frequency) separable solutions of Maxwell’s equations, where spatial and temporal (spectral) dependence can be treated separately. In contrast to this traditional viewpoint, recent advances in structured light and topological optics have highlighted the non-trivial wave-matter interactions of pulses with complex space-time non-separable structure, as well as their potential for energy and information transfer. A characteristic example of such a pulse is the “Flying Doughnut” (FD), a space-time non-separable few-cycle pulse with links to toroidal and non-radiating (anapole) excitations in matter. Here, we propose a quantum-mechanics-inspired methodology for quantitatively characterizing space-time non-separability in structured pulses. In analogy to the mathematics of non-separability in quantum mechanics, we introduce the concept of space-spectrum non-separable states to describe the spacetime non-separability of a classical electromagnetic pulse and apply state tomography method to reconstruct the corresponding density matrix. Using the example of FD pulse, we calculate the fidelity, concurrence, and entanglement of formation as their quantitative measures, and we demonstrate such properties dug out from quantum mechanics can quantitatively characterize the spatiotemporal evolution of general structured pulses. Our results highlight the potential of space-time non-separable pulses as information carriers and facilitate their deployment in information transfer and cryptography applications.
University of Southampton
Shen, Yijie
42410cf7-8adb-4de6-9175-a1332245c368
Zdagkas, Apostolos
af3bc86e-b049-4ea1-b7bb-44e2ee0a4441
Papasimakis, Nikitas
f416bfa9-544c-4a3e-8a2d-bc1c11133a51
Zheludev, Nikolai
32fb6af7-97e4-4d11-bca6-805745e40cc6
Shen, Yijie
42410cf7-8adb-4de6-9175-a1332245c368
Zdagkas, Apostolos
af3bc86e-b049-4ea1-b7bb-44e2ee0a4441
Papasimakis, Nikitas
f416bfa9-544c-4a3e-8a2d-bc1c11133a51
Zheludev, Nikolai
32fb6af7-97e4-4d11-bca6-805745e40cc6

Shen, Yijie, Zdagkas, Apostolos, Papasimakis, Nikitas and Zheludev, Nikolai (2020) Dataset for: Measures of space-time non-separability of electromagnetic pulses. University of Southampton doi:10.5258/SOTON/D1726 [Dataset]

Record type: Dataset

Abstract

This dataset supports the publication: "Measures of space-time nonseparability of electromagnetic pulses" by Y. Shen, A. Zdagkas, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev in Physical Review Research 2021. Electromagnetic pulses are typically treated as space-time (or space-frequency) separable solutions of Maxwell’s equations, where spatial and temporal (spectral) dependence can be treated separately. In contrast to this traditional viewpoint, recent advances in structured light and topological optics have highlighted the non-trivial wave-matter interactions of pulses with complex space-time non-separable structure, as well as their potential for energy and information transfer. A characteristic example of such a pulse is the “Flying Doughnut” (FD), a space-time non-separable few-cycle pulse with links to toroidal and non-radiating (anapole) excitations in matter. Here, we propose a quantum-mechanics-inspired methodology for quantitatively characterizing space-time non-separability in structured pulses. In analogy to the mathematics of non-separability in quantum mechanics, we introduce the concept of space-spectrum non-separable states to describe the spacetime non-separability of a classical electromagnetic pulse and apply state tomography method to reconstruct the corresponding density matrix. Using the example of FD pulse, we calculate the fidelity, concurrence, and entanglement of formation as their quantitative measures, and we demonstrate such properties dug out from quantum mechanics can quantitatively characterize the spatiotemporal evolution of general structured pulses. Our results highlight the potential of space-time non-separable pulses as information carriers and facilitate their deployment in information transfer and cryptography applications.

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More information

Published date: 2020

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 446339
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/446339
PURE UUID: 8fd7546c-7383-461a-8014-e3b9d6031bae
ORCID for Apostolos Zdagkas: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1734-9722
ORCID for Nikitas Papasimakis: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6347-6466
ORCID for Nikolai Zheludev: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1013-6636

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Date deposited: 04 Feb 2021 17:34
Last modified: 18 Feb 2021 17:43

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