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Non-oncological outcomes following limb salvage surgery in patients with knee sarcoma: a scoping review

Non-oncological outcomes following limb salvage surgery in patients with knee sarcoma: a scoping review
Non-oncological outcomes following limb salvage surgery in patients with knee sarcoma: a scoping review

Purpose: Limb salvage surgery is a surgical procedure for tumour resection in bone and soft-tissue cancers. Guidelines aim to preserve as much function and tissue of the limb as possible. Surgical outcome data is routinely available as part of surgical reporting processes. What is less known are important non-oncological outcomes throughout recovery from both clinical and patient perspectives. The objective of this review was to explore non-oncological outcomes in patients diagnosed with sarcoma around the knee following limb salvage surgery. Materials and Methods: A scoping review methodology was used, and results analysed using CASP checklists. Results: Thirteen studies were included and following appraisal and synthesis, three themes emerged as providing important measures intrinsic to successful patient recovery: (1) physical function, (2) quality of life and, (3) gait and knee goniometry. Specifically, patients develop range of motion complications that alter gait patterns and patients often limit their post-operative participation in sport and leisure activities. Conclusions: This study has shown the importance of exploring confounding factors, adopting a holistic view of patient recovery beyond surgical outcomes, proposing evidence-based guidance to support and inform healthcare providers with clinical decision-making. This review highlights the paucity and lack of quality of research available, emphasising how under-represented this population is in the research literature.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Patients having undergone LSS often have limited participation in sport and leisure activities. Patients can develop range of motion complications, such as flexion contracture or extension lag, which may affect the pattern of gait. Clinical consideration should be given to walking ability and gait patterns during the rehabilitation phase to prevent poor functional outcomes during recovery. Variation of treatment protocols, outcome measurement and rehabilitative care has been identified as important in predicting the outcomes in recovery from LSS procedures.

Enhanced recovery after surgery, limb salvage, outcome, process assessment (health care, sarcoma, surgical oncology
0963-8288
AlDossary, Nafla M.
4836fedd-d5ab-4246-a5e3-fed244521d90
Ostler, Chantel
6f6d5a02-8e9b-4d21-99f1-649ca5e7e6f8
Donovan-Hall, Margaret
5f138055-2162-4982-846c-5c92411055e0
Metcalf, Cheryl
09a47264-8bd5-43bd-a93e-177992c22c72
AlDossary, Nafla M.
4836fedd-d5ab-4246-a5e3-fed244521d90
Ostler, Chantel
6f6d5a02-8e9b-4d21-99f1-649ca5e7e6f8
Donovan-Hall, Margaret
5f138055-2162-4982-846c-5c92411055e0
Metcalf, Cheryl
09a47264-8bd5-43bd-a93e-177992c22c72

AlDossary, Nafla M., Ostler, Chantel, Donovan-Hall, Margaret and Metcalf, Cheryl (2021) Non-oncological outcomes following limb salvage surgery in patients with knee sarcoma: a scoping review. Disability and Rehabilitation. (doi:10.1080/09638288.2021.1900409).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Purpose: Limb salvage surgery is a surgical procedure for tumour resection in bone and soft-tissue cancers. Guidelines aim to preserve as much function and tissue of the limb as possible. Surgical outcome data is routinely available as part of surgical reporting processes. What is less known are important non-oncological outcomes throughout recovery from both clinical and patient perspectives. The objective of this review was to explore non-oncological outcomes in patients diagnosed with sarcoma around the knee following limb salvage surgery. Materials and Methods: A scoping review methodology was used, and results analysed using CASP checklists. Results: Thirteen studies were included and following appraisal and synthesis, three themes emerged as providing important measures intrinsic to successful patient recovery: (1) physical function, (2) quality of life and, (3) gait and knee goniometry. Specifically, patients develop range of motion complications that alter gait patterns and patients often limit their post-operative participation in sport and leisure activities. Conclusions: This study has shown the importance of exploring confounding factors, adopting a holistic view of patient recovery beyond surgical outcomes, proposing evidence-based guidance to support and inform healthcare providers with clinical decision-making. This review highlights the paucity and lack of quality of research available, emphasising how under-represented this population is in the research literature.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Patients having undergone LSS often have limited participation in sport and leisure activities. Patients can develop range of motion complications, such as flexion contracture or extension lag, which may affect the pattern of gait. Clinical consideration should be given to walking ability and gait patterns during the rehabilitation phase to prevent poor functional outcomes during recovery. Variation of treatment protocols, outcome measurement and rehabilitative care has been identified as important in predicting the outcomes in recovery from LSS procedures.

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Non-oncological outcomes following limb salvage surgery in patients with knee sarcoma a scoping review - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 3 March 2021
e-pub ahead of print date: 23 March 2021
Additional Information: Publisher Copyright: © 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Keywords: Enhanced recovery after surgery, limb salvage, outcome, process assessment (health care, sarcoma, surgical oncology

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 447914
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/447914
ISSN: 0963-8288
PURE UUID: e6b36dad-d59c-44c2-87f0-f1743cd17616
ORCID for Cheryl Metcalf: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-7404-6066

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Date deposited: 26 Mar 2021 17:30
Last modified: 30 Oct 2023 05:46

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Contributors

Author: Nafla M. AlDossary
Author: Chantel Ostler
Author: Cheryl Metcalf ORCID iD

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