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Mid and Late Upper Palaeolithic in the Adriatic Basin: Chronology, transitions and human adaptations to a changing landscape

Mid and Late Upper Palaeolithic in the Adriatic Basin: Chronology, transitions and human adaptations to a changing landscape
Mid and Late Upper Palaeolithic in the Adriatic Basin: Chronology, transitions and human adaptations to a changing landscape
This paper presents the first attempt to establish a Mid and Late Upper Palaeolithic absolute chronology of the Adriatic basin, including both eastern and western Adriatic coasts and their hinterlands. The proposed chronology for Gravettian, Early and Late Epigravettian techno-complexes is based on statistical analysis of 278 14C dates from 66 archaeological sites. Our analyses are directed towards 1) identifying whether major climatic episodes and corresponding transformations in the local environments are correlated with long-term demographic trends, and potential changes in spatial patterning of human occupation, and 2) identifying robust absolute chronological estimates of techno-complexes to establish the timing of their succession, including their possible overlaps. Results show that the Gravettian appears in the Adriatic area at c. 35-34ka cal BP and ends at c. 26-25ka cal BP. Early and Late Epigravettian timespans are between c. 26-25ka and 18.1–17.6ka cal BP and 17.6–17.1 ka and 11.9–11.6 ka cal BP respectively. The Early-Late Epigravettian transition in the Great Adriatic-Po Region coincides with the transition between GS-2.2 and GI-2.1 and is also associated with apparent transformations in settlement pattern as new biotopes appear to be occupied, particularly in the mountainous areas such as Alps and Dinaric Alps. According to our results, the timespan of Early Epigravettian covers the Badegoulian, Solutrean and even Lower Magdalenian periods in western Europe, hence challenging the earlier interpretations on Early Epigravettian and Solutrean contemporaneity. This suggests an independent cultural evolutionary path for territories that previously (during the Gravettian) showed a high degree of technological affinity.
Bayesian modelling, Epigravettian, Gravettian, Great adriatic-Po Region, Radiocarbon chronology
0277-3791
Davies, William
5042ec27-3fcd-4ddb-bc0c-8c5578a0e50b
Ruiz-Redondo, Aitor
f6627a93-d484-4c55-8838-feef4e04f9d8
Vukosavljevic, Nikola
663bb447-0612-4f69-bc30-ee2abfbdf032
Peresani, Marco
e5ed1562-d984-41f8-b865-283c2d7507f4
Tomasso, Antonin
d374d4bc-b989-4e69-ba76-3beb59ac986f
Vander Linden, Marc
31ad080c-69ce-4cb7-9949-335456f8cbef
Davies, William
5042ec27-3fcd-4ddb-bc0c-8c5578a0e50b
Ruiz-Redondo, Aitor
f6627a93-d484-4c55-8838-feef4e04f9d8
Vukosavljevic, Nikola
663bb447-0612-4f69-bc30-ee2abfbdf032
Peresani, Marco
e5ed1562-d984-41f8-b865-283c2d7507f4
Tomasso, Antonin
d374d4bc-b989-4e69-ba76-3beb59ac986f
Vander Linden, Marc
31ad080c-69ce-4cb7-9949-335456f8cbef

Davies, William, Ruiz-Redondo, Aitor, Vukosavljevic, Nikola, Peresani, Marco, Tomasso, Antonin and Vander Linden, Marc (2022) Mid and Late Upper Palaeolithic in the Adriatic Basin: Chronology, transitions and human adaptations to a changing landscape. Quaternary Science Reviews, 276 (January), [107319]. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.107319).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This paper presents the first attempt to establish a Mid and Late Upper Palaeolithic absolute chronology of the Adriatic basin, including both eastern and western Adriatic coasts and their hinterlands. The proposed chronology for Gravettian, Early and Late Epigravettian techno-complexes is based on statistical analysis of 278 14C dates from 66 archaeological sites. Our analyses are directed towards 1) identifying whether major climatic episodes and corresponding transformations in the local environments are correlated with long-term demographic trends, and potential changes in spatial patterning of human occupation, and 2) identifying robust absolute chronological estimates of techno-complexes to establish the timing of their succession, including their possible overlaps. Results show that the Gravettian appears in the Adriatic area at c. 35-34ka cal BP and ends at c. 26-25ka cal BP. Early and Late Epigravettian timespans are between c. 26-25ka and 18.1–17.6ka cal BP and 17.6–17.1 ka and 11.9–11.6 ka cal BP respectively. The Early-Late Epigravettian transition in the Great Adriatic-Po Region coincides with the transition between GS-2.2 and GI-2.1 and is also associated with apparent transformations in settlement pattern as new biotopes appear to be occupied, particularly in the mountainous areas such as Alps and Dinaric Alps. According to our results, the timespan of Early Epigravettian covers the Badegoulian, Solutrean and even Lower Magdalenian periods in western Europe, hence challenging the earlier interpretations on Early Epigravettian and Solutrean contemporaneity. This suggests an independent cultural evolutionary path for territories that previously (during the Gravettian) showed a high degree of technological affinity.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 5 December 2021
e-pub ahead of print date: 11 December 2021
Published date: 15 January 2022
Keywords: Bayesian modelling, Epigravettian, Gravettian, Great adriatic-Po Region, Radiocarbon chronology

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 452843
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/452843
ISSN: 0277-3791
PURE UUID: 89c88e2b-a4a4-4715-99e5-a7aafb81aa42
ORCID for William Davies: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1830-5403

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Date deposited: 21 Dec 2021 17:53
Last modified: 28 Apr 2022 01:50

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Contributors

Author: William Davies ORCID iD
Author: Aitor Ruiz-Redondo
Author: Nikola Vukosavljevic
Author: Marco Peresani
Author: Antonin Tomasso
Author: Marc Vander Linden

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