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Narcissism moderates the association between basal testosterone and generosity in men

Narcissism moderates the association between basal testosterone and generosity in men
Narcissism moderates the association between basal testosterone and generosity in men
Research has linked hormones to behavioral outcomes in intricate ways, often moderated by psychological dispositions. The associations between testosterone and antisocial or prosocial outcomes also depend on dispositions relevant to status and dominance. In two studies (N1 = 68, N2 = 83), we investigated whether endogenous testosterone, measured in saliva, and narcissism, a psychological variable highly relevant to status motivation, interactively predicted men’s preferences regarding resource allocation. Narcissism moderated the links between testosterone and social value orientation: among low narcissists testosterone negatively predicted generosity in resource allocation and probability of endorsing a prosocial (vs. pro-self) value orientation, whereas among high narcissists testosterone tended to positively predict generosity and the probability of endorsing a prosocial (vs. pro-self) value orientation. We discuss these results as examples of calibrating effects of testosterone on human behavior, serving to increase and maintain social status. We advocate the relevance of psychological dispositions, alongside situations, when examining the role of T in social outcomes.
Basal Testosterone, Generosity, Narcissism, Resource Allocation, Social Value Orientation
0018-506X
Czarna, Anna Z.
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Ziemianska, Magdalena
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Pawlicki, Piotr
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Carré, Justin M.
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Sedikides, Constantine
9d45e66d-75bb-44de-87d7-21fd553812c2
Czarna, Anna Z.
cc082fb8-895f-4b1c-bf50-474e63ac1cc5
Ziemianska, Magdalena
0802ad98-a86c-422b-9205-143cf21676df
Pawlicki, Piotr
fc84654a-c456-4524-9362-afb7f3b76de4
Carré, Justin M.
279e4ef8-0737-4487-8215-28ba966aae66
Sedikides, Constantine
9d45e66d-75bb-44de-87d7-21fd553812c2

Czarna, Anna Z., Ziemianska, Magdalena, Pawlicki, Piotr, Carré, Justin M. and Sedikides, Constantine (2022) Narcissism moderates the association between basal testosterone and generosity in men. Hormones and Behavior, 146, [105265]. (doi:10.1016/j.yhbeh.2022.105265).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Research has linked hormones to behavioral outcomes in intricate ways, often moderated by psychological dispositions. The associations between testosterone and antisocial or prosocial outcomes also depend on dispositions relevant to status and dominance. In two studies (N1 = 68, N2 = 83), we investigated whether endogenous testosterone, measured in saliva, and narcissism, a psychological variable highly relevant to status motivation, interactively predicted men’s preferences regarding resource allocation. Narcissism moderated the links between testosterone and social value orientation: among low narcissists testosterone negatively predicted generosity in resource allocation and probability of endorsing a prosocial (vs. pro-self) value orientation, whereas among high narcissists testosterone tended to positively predict generosity and the probability of endorsing a prosocial (vs. pro-self) value orientation. We discuss these results as examples of calibrating effects of testosterone on human behavior, serving to increase and maintain social status. We advocate the relevance of psychological dispositions, alongside situations, when examining the role of T in social outcomes.

Text
Czarna, Ziemiańska, Pawlicki, Carré, & Sedikides, 2022_Hormone & Behavior - Accepted Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only until 22 September 2023.
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 12 September 2022
e-pub ahead of print date: 22 September 2022
Published date: 1 November 2022
Additional Information: Funding Information: This work was supported by National Science Center, Poland [grant no. 2016/23/G/HS6/01397 ] and the Polish National Agency for Academic Exchange [the Bekker programme, grant no. PPN/BEK/2019/1/00371/U/00001 ], both awarded to the first author. The funders played no role in the work. Publisher Copyright: © 2022 Elsevier Inc.
Keywords: Basal Testosterone, Generosity, Narcissism, Resource Allocation, Social Value Orientation

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 470683
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/470683
ISSN: 0018-506X
PURE UUID: d71c41d8-027a-4447-9487-99e1c60fb308
ORCID for Constantine Sedikides: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4036-889X

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Date deposited: 18 Oct 2022 16:31
Last modified: 19 Oct 2022 01:36

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Contributors

Author: Anna Z. Czarna
Author: Magdalena Ziemianska
Author: Piotr Pawlicki
Author: Justin M. Carré

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