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Exploring the impact of tropical cyclones on Oman’s maritime cultural heritage through the lens of Al‑Baleed, Salalah (Dhofar Governorate)

Exploring the impact of tropical cyclones on Oman’s maritime cultural heritage through the lens of Al‑Baleed, Salalah (Dhofar Governorate)
Exploring the impact of tropical cyclones on Oman’s maritime cultural heritage through the lens of Al‑Baleed, Salalah (Dhofar Governorate)
Tropical cyclones are among the most detrimental hazards to the environment, societies, and economies, each year affecting millions of people and resulting in substantial casualties and material destructions in coastal communities. In this context, maritime cultural heritage, encompassing material evidence for the engagement of people with the sea, both on land and under water, is particularly vulnerable. Despite the significant number of archaeological sites exposed to tropical cyclones and other extreme sea-level events, maritime cultural heritage in the MENA region is rarely included in coastal vulnerability indices or incorporated in mitigation strategies, disaster management, sustainability, and resilience policies. In this study we examine the impact of tropical cyclones on the maritime archaeology of Oman with emphasis on the Dhofar region. This paper builds on existing coastal research in the Dhofar region—an area identified as the most cyclone-prone administrative region in Oman, but also an area that contains substantial archaeological remains. Central among Dhofar’s maritime cultural heritage is Al-Baleed, a Medieval seaport with unparalleled evidence of engagement with international trade networks.
0.1007/s11457-022-09333-4
1557-2285
Andreou, Georgia
8cdaa5ba-9ed4-42ab-9784-38571d736839
Westley, Kieran
8a2c120d-53f8-4d89-b9d4-7f926b4e630e
Huigens, Harmen O.
75181966-307b-4dcd-99ec-3af12c386ba5
Blue, Lucy
576383f2-6dac-4e95-bde8-aa14bdc2461f
Andreou, Georgia
8cdaa5ba-9ed4-42ab-9784-38571d736839
Westley, Kieran
8a2c120d-53f8-4d89-b9d4-7f926b4e630e
Huigens, Harmen O.
75181966-307b-4dcd-99ec-3af12c386ba5
Blue, Lucy
576383f2-6dac-4e95-bde8-aa14bdc2461f

Andreou, Georgia, Westley, Kieran, Huigens, Harmen O. and Blue, Lucy (2022) Exploring the impact of tropical cyclones on Oman’s maritime cultural heritage through the lens of Al‑Baleed, Salalah (Dhofar Governorate). Journal of Maritime Archaeology. (0.1007/s11457-022-09333-4).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Tropical cyclones are among the most detrimental hazards to the environment, societies, and economies, each year affecting millions of people and resulting in substantial casualties and material destructions in coastal communities. In this context, maritime cultural heritage, encompassing material evidence for the engagement of people with the sea, both on land and under water, is particularly vulnerable. Despite the significant number of archaeological sites exposed to tropical cyclones and other extreme sea-level events, maritime cultural heritage in the MENA region is rarely included in coastal vulnerability indices or incorporated in mitigation strategies, disaster management, sustainability, and resilience policies. In this study we examine the impact of tropical cyclones on the maritime archaeology of Oman with emphasis on the Dhofar region. This paper builds on existing coastal research in the Dhofar region—an area identified as the most cyclone-prone administrative region in Oman, but also an area that contains substantial archaeological remains. Central among Dhofar’s maritime cultural heritage is Al-Baleed, a Medieval seaport with unparalleled evidence of engagement with international trade networks.

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Accepted/In Press date: 23 August 2022
e-pub ahead of print date: 20 September 2022

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 470688
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/470688
DOI: 0.1007/s11457-022-09333-4
ISSN: 1557-2285
PURE UUID: e3b8e600-ae87-48ae-b498-a5ac0a075845
ORCID for Georgia Andreou: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8557-9554

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Date deposited: 18 Oct 2022 16:34
Last modified: 19 Oct 2022 01:57

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Contributors

Author: Georgia Andreou ORCID iD
Author: Kieran Westley
Author: Harmen O. Huigens
Author: Lucy Blue

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