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Investigating alternative materials for displacement Shelters, using north- west Syria as an example

Investigating alternative materials for displacement Shelters, using north- west Syria as an example
Investigating alternative materials for displacement Shelters, using north- west Syria as an example
Syria is home to one of the most intense deteriorations of civilian livelihood and security, ranking in the bottom 5 of civil unrest indices consistently since the 2012 uprising (Maplecroft, 2021). As of 2022, Syria accounts for over 14 million FDIs, 6.9 million being IDPs, predominantly on the north-western coast. With extreme weather events occurring at greater frequencies, the failure of humanitarian organization aid, specifically the tents, must be investigated for their resilience. With limited access to resources, due to disturbed supply chains and boarder conflict, the opportunity to investigate alternative local resource streams, to better shelter environments, is presented. This report investigates the potential of using food waste by-products (FWBP) as an alternative resource stream, combined with vernacular construction methods. Coffee grounds, nut shells, date seeds and chickpea water were used in different combinations with conventional earth materials, and subject to thermal, moisture and load tests.
climate resilience, displacement, shelters, alternative resource streams, materialisation
109-114
University of Southampton
Al-Saffar, Lina
533958e6-5859-47e3-b652-ad835f436251
Altamirano, Hector
a150f64c-47d0-4981-aace-85b75963fcc1
Gauthier, Stephanie
4e7702f7-e1a9-4732-8430-fabbed0f56ed
Nicol, Fergus
55e3b6e4-885d-4aa4-96a8-441ed11e1eaa
Brotas, Luisa
44ab859c-b1ab-40a3-aedf-82d4f7624f09
Schiano-Phan, Rosa
5a80d383-3e96-462e-bc0b-4a5127e019c7
Sukontason, Nichaphat
6aa035e1-a346-4b01-a099-6e1cbd538f97
Turner, Philip
772d9dd5-829d-4e40-83a2-f8ea70ee2b14
Gauthier, Stephanie
Nicol, Fergus
Brotas, Luisa
Schiano-Phan, Rosa
Sukontason, Nicaphat
Turner, Philip
Al-Saffar, Lina
533958e6-5859-47e3-b652-ad835f436251
Altamirano, Hector
a150f64c-47d0-4981-aace-85b75963fcc1
Gauthier, Stephanie
4e7702f7-e1a9-4732-8430-fabbed0f56ed
Nicol, Fergus
55e3b6e4-885d-4aa4-96a8-441ed11e1eaa
Brotas, Luisa
44ab859c-b1ab-40a3-aedf-82d4f7624f09
Schiano-Phan, Rosa
5a80d383-3e96-462e-bc0b-4a5127e019c7
Sukontason, Nichaphat
6aa035e1-a346-4b01-a099-6e1cbd538f97
Turner, Philip
772d9dd5-829d-4e40-83a2-f8ea70ee2b14
Gauthier, Stephanie
Nicol, Fergus
Brotas, Luisa
Schiano-Phan, Rosa
Sukontason, Nicaphat
Turner, Philip

Al-Saffar, Lina and Altamirano, Hector (2022) Investigating alternative materials for displacement Shelters, using north- west Syria as an example. Gauthier, Stephanie, Nicol, Fergus, Brotas, Luisa, Schiano-Phan, Rosa, Sukontason, Nichaphat, Turner, Philip, Gauthier, Stephanie, Nicol, Fergus, Brotas, Luisa, Schiano-Phan, Rosa, Sukontason, Nicaphat and Turner, Philip (eds.) In Proceedings of the 11th Masters Conference: People and Buildings. vol. 1, University of Southampton. pp. 109-114 . (doi:10.5258/SOTON/P1101).

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

Syria is home to one of the most intense deteriorations of civilian livelihood and security, ranking in the bottom 5 of civil unrest indices consistently since the 2012 uprising (Maplecroft, 2021). As of 2022, Syria accounts for over 14 million FDIs, 6.9 million being IDPs, predominantly on the north-western coast. With extreme weather events occurring at greater frequencies, the failure of humanitarian organization aid, specifically the tents, must be investigated for their resilience. With limited access to resources, due to disturbed supply chains and boarder conflict, the opportunity to investigate alternative local resource streams, to better shelter environments, is presented. This report investigates the potential of using food waste by-products (FWBP) as an alternative resource stream, combined with vernacular construction methods. Coffee grounds, nut shells, date seeds and chickpea water were used in different combinations with conventional earth materials, and subject to thermal, moisture and load tests.

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e-pub ahead of print date: 17 October 2022
Venue - Dates: 11th Masters Conference: People and Buildings, University of Westminster, London, United Kingdom, 2022-09-16 - 2022-09-16
Keywords: climate resilience, displacement, shelters, alternative resource streams, materialisation

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 471025
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/471025
PURE UUID: e2c28ca8-17bf-4422-94d0-4545305dfb92
ORCID for Stephanie Gauthier: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1720-1736
ORCID for Philip Turner: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8146-0249

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Date deposited: 25 Oct 2022 16:32
Last modified: 09 Nov 2022 02:58

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Contributors

Author: Lina Al-Saffar
Author: Hector Altamirano
Editor: Fergus Nicol
Editor: Luisa Brotas
Editor: Rosa Schiano-Phan
Editor: Nichaphat Sukontason
Editor: Philip Turner ORCID iD
Editor: Stephanie Gauthier
Editor: Fergus Nicol
Editor: Luisa Brotas
Editor: Rosa Schiano-Phan
Editor: Nicaphat Sukontason
Editor: Philip Turner

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