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Prediction and control of sound propagation in turbofan engine bypass ducts

Prediction and control of sound propagation in turbofan engine bypass ducts
Prediction and control of sound propagation in turbofan engine bypass ducts
This thesis contains original research into the propagation of sound in acoustically lined ducts
with flow. The motivation for this work is the requirement to predict the sound attenuation of
acoustic liners in the bypass duct of modern turbofan aeroengines. The liners provide the most
effective means with which to suppress the rear fan noise. It is therefore important to make
the best possible use of the available lined area by optimising the liner configuration. A set
of analytic and numerical methods for predicting the liner attenuation performance have been
developed, which are suitable for use in intensive liner optimisation studies, or as preliminary
design tools.
Eigenvalue solvers have been developed to find modal solutions in rectangular ducts with
uniform flow and annular ducts with sheared flow. The solvers are validated by replicating
results from the scientific literature and the Finite Element method. The effect of mean core
flow radial profile and boundary layers on the mode eigenfunctions and axial decay rates are
considered. It is shown that solutions for thin boundary layer flows converge to those based on
the commonly used slip flow boundary condition. It is demonstrated that realistic flow profiles
should be used to assess acoustic mode propagation in bypass ducts. The flow profile can have
strong effects upon low order modes and surface waves, and in fact at high frequencies, the
profile can affect all the modes.
Mode-matching schemes are developed to assess the power attenuation performance and
modal scattering of finite length liners. The results of the schemes are used to show that refraction
of sound by boundary layers increases attenuation at high frequency. Power attenuation
is higher where the mean core flow gradient refracts sound towards the liner. It is found that
asymmetric liners can provide improved attenuation, depending on the direction of the mean
flow shear gradient.
The optimisation of axially-segmented liners for single and multi-mode sources is demonstrated.
It is found that potentially large improvements in the attenuation of tonal noise is possible,
whilst benefits for broadband noise are more difficult to achieve.
Brooks, Christopher James
5c504fef-0360-4b2a-b6c4-d88bbd6e5bac
Brooks, Christopher James
5c504fef-0360-4b2a-b6c4-d88bbd6e5bac
Mcalpine, Alan
aaf9e771-153d-4100-9e84-de4b14466ed7
Kempton, Andrew
08276625-e640-431b-8dd3-1598fe5ec722

Brooks, Christopher James (2007) Prediction and control of sound propagation in turbofan engine bypass ducts. University of Southampton, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, Doctoral Thesis, 241pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

This thesis contains original research into the propagation of sound in acoustically lined ducts
with flow. The motivation for this work is the requirement to predict the sound attenuation of
acoustic liners in the bypass duct of modern turbofan aeroengines. The liners provide the most
effective means with which to suppress the rear fan noise. It is therefore important to make
the best possible use of the available lined area by optimising the liner configuration. A set
of analytic and numerical methods for predicting the liner attenuation performance have been
developed, which are suitable for use in intensive liner optimisation studies, or as preliminary
design tools.
Eigenvalue solvers have been developed to find modal solutions in rectangular ducts with
uniform flow and annular ducts with sheared flow. The solvers are validated by replicating
results from the scientific literature and the Finite Element method. The effect of mean core
flow radial profile and boundary layers on the mode eigenfunctions and axial decay rates are
considered. It is shown that solutions for thin boundary layer flows converge to those based on
the commonly used slip flow boundary condition. It is demonstrated that realistic flow profiles
should be used to assess acoustic mode propagation in bypass ducts. The flow profile can have
strong effects upon low order modes and surface waves, and in fact at high frequencies, the
profile can affect all the modes.
Mode-matching schemes are developed to assess the power attenuation performance and
modal scattering of finite length liners. The results of the schemes are used to show that refraction
of sound by boundary layers increases attenuation at high frequency. Power attenuation
is higher where the mean core flow gradient refracts sound towards the liner. It is found that
asymmetric liners can provide improved attenuation, depending on the direction of the mean
flow shear gradient.
The optimisation of axially-segmented liners for single and multi-mode sources is demonstrated.
It is found that potentially large improvements in the attenuation of tonal noise is possible,
whilst benefits for broadband noise are more difficult to achieve.

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Published date: September 2007
Organisations: University of Southampton

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 52085
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/52085
PURE UUID: 642472d6-2f79-470f-9119-e0923a48769d
ORCID for Alan Mcalpine: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4189-2167

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Date deposited: 19 Jun 2008
Last modified: 14 Mar 2019 01:49

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