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A constrained vortex model with relevance to helicopter vortex ring state

Sandham, N.D. (2005) A constrained vortex model with relevance to helicopter vortex ring state , Southampton, UK University of Southampton 14pp. (Aerodynamics and Flight Mechanics Internal Report Series, AFM 05/05).

Record type: Monograph (Project Report)


A planar model of a lifting surface descending into its own wake is constructed with the aim of demonstrating some underlying mechanisms of the ‘vortex ring’ state that may be entered
by a rotary wing aircraft during a vertical descent. The model uses line vortices that are periodically released from a point in space and then allowed to evolve in a constrained manner. For low descent velocities the model reproduces a hover state, where the wake vortices move downwards relative to the lifting plane. A critical descent speed is reached after which the model produces a quasi-periodic shedding of vortex agglomerations. This state is reached via a Hopf bifurcation of the steady state and persists until another critical descent velocity after which a steady windmill brake state is possible, in which vortices travel upwards in a regular manner. Unconstrained simulations reveal a more chaotic vortex pattern, but frequency analysis reveals an underlying structure similar to that shown for the constrained model. Besides offering a qualitative understanding of possible mechanisms of vortex ring state, the analysis suggests some dimensionless parameters that collapse the
model data.

PDF ring_int_report2.pdf - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Published date: 1 September 2005
Keywords: vortex ring state, helicopter aerodynamics
Organisations: Aerodynamics & Flight Mechanics


Local EPrints ID: 64136
PURE UUID: 2a2eccfc-1961-4961-95d8-27905c5f924c

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 05 Jan 2009
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 14:14

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