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Fabrication and applications of zinc indiffused waveguides in periodically poled lithium niobate

Fabrication and applications of zinc indiffused waveguides in periodically poled lithium niobate
Fabrication and applications of zinc indiffused waveguides in periodically poled lithium niobate
A comprehensive investigation of high conversion efficiency second harmonic generation (SHG) devices based on zinc indiffused channel waveguides in periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) is reported in this thesis. The thesis covers all stages from the production of PPLN by domain inversion on a micron scale through to optical testing. The factors affecting poling quality, such as crystal discrepancies from different suppliers, electrode materials, patterning quality, and mask design, are investigated and analysed systematically. In addition, back-switch poling methods (involving poling a sample completely and then re-poling) are demonstrated. By using optimized processes combining high electric-field poling with the use of conductive liquid gel as an electrode, we have successfully fabricated high quality PPLN samples with short periods (less than 6.5µm), magnesium doped PPLN (PPMgLN), periodically poled lithium tantalate (PPLT), and hexagonally poled lithium niobate (HexLN).

Quasi-phase-matched (QPM) wavelength conversion devices based on lithium niobate channel waveguides were realized. Fabrication methods for Zn-diffused channel waveguides in z-cut PPLN by thermal diffusion of metallic Zn film have been investigated. A new approach using atmospheric pressure diffusion to make single mode waveguides for different fundamental wavelengths was successful. Optimised devices gave second harmonic generation conversion efficiency of 59%W−1cm−2 for 1552.4nm with 81% conversion for a pulsed source being achieved. Studies of green and blue generation exposed limitations with the technique for shorter wavelength operation, and these are discussed and modelled.
Ming, Lu
6dcffe62-d2db-469d-89cb-7b09d0dd6a9e
Ming, Lu
6dcffe62-d2db-469d-89cb-7b09d0dd6a9e
Smith, Peter
8979668a-8b7a-4838-9a74-1a7cfc6665f6

Ming, Lu (2005) Fabrication and applications of zinc indiffused waveguides in periodically poled lithium niobate. University of Southampton, Optoelectronic Research Centre, Doctoral Thesis.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

A comprehensive investigation of high conversion efficiency second harmonic generation (SHG) devices based on zinc indiffused channel waveguides in periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) is reported in this thesis. The thesis covers all stages from the production of PPLN by domain inversion on a micron scale through to optical testing. The factors affecting poling quality, such as crystal discrepancies from different suppliers, electrode materials, patterning quality, and mask design, are investigated and analysed systematically. In addition, back-switch poling methods (involving poling a sample completely and then re-poling) are demonstrated. By using optimized processes combining high electric-field poling with the use of conductive liquid gel as an electrode, we have successfully fabricated high quality PPLN samples with short periods (less than 6.5µm), magnesium doped PPLN (PPMgLN), periodically poled lithium tantalate (PPLT), and hexagonally poled lithium niobate (HexLN).

Quasi-phase-matched (QPM) wavelength conversion devices based on lithium niobate channel waveguides were realized. Fabrication methods for Zn-diffused channel waveguides in z-cut PPLN by thermal diffusion of metallic Zn film have been investigated. A new approach using atmospheric pressure diffusion to make single mode waveguides for different fundamental wavelengths was successful. Optimised devices gave second harmonic generation conversion efficiency of 59%W−1cm−2 for 1552.4nm with 81% conversion for a pulsed source being achieved. Studies of green and blue generation exposed limitations with the technique for shorter wavelength operation, and these are discussed and modelled.

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More information

Published date: May 2005
Organisations: University of Southampton, Optoelectronics Research Centre

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 65503
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/65503
PURE UUID: b057524b-791d-4bac-be85-91e387955709
ORCID for Peter Smith: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-0319-718X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 23 Feb 2009
Last modified: 17 Oct 2019 00:38

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