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Associations of maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy with offspring adiposity from birth until 54 months of age

Associations of maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy with offspring adiposity from birth until 54 months of age
Associations of maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy with offspring adiposity from birth until 54 months of age
Most studies linking maternal diet with offspring adiposity have focused on single nutrients or foods, but a dietary pattern approach is more representative of the overall diet. We thus aimed to investigate the relations between maternal dietary patterns and offspring adiposity in a multi-ethnic Asian mother–offspring cohort in Singapore. We derived maternal dietary patterns using maternal dietary intake information at 26–28 weeks of gestation, of which associations with offspring body mass index (BMI), abdominal circumference (AC), subscapular skinfold (SS), and triceps skinfold (TS) were assessed using longitudinal data analysis (linear mixed effects (LME)) and multiple linear regression at ages 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 24, 36, 48, and 54 months. Three dietary patterns were derived: (1) vegetables-fruit-and-white rice (VFR); (2) seafood-and-noodles (SfN); and (3) pasta-cheese-and-bread (PCB). In the LME model adjusting for potential confounders, each standard deviation (SD) increase in maternal VFR pattern score was associated with 0.09 mm lower offspring TS. Individual time-point analysis additionally revealed that higher VFR score was generally associated with lower postnatal offspring BMI z-score, TS, SS, and sum of skinfolds (SS + TS) at ages 18 months and older. Maternal adherence to a dietary pattern characterized by higher intakes of fruit and vegetables and lower intakes of fast food was associated with lower offspring adiposity.
1-17
Chen, L.-W.
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Aris, I.M.
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Bernard, J.Y.
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Tint, M.T.
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Chia, A.
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Colega, M.
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Gluckman, P.D.
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Shek, L.P.C.
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Saw, S.M.
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Chong, Y.P.
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Yap, F.
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Godfrey, K.M.
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van Dam, R.M.
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Chong, M.F.F.
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Lee, Y.S.
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Chen, L.-W.
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Aris, I.M.
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Bernard, J.Y.
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Tint, M.T.
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Chia, A.
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Colega, M.
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Gluckman, P.D.
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Shek, L.P.C.
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Saw, S.M.
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Chong, Y.P.
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Yap, F.
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Godfrey, K.M.
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van Dam, R.M.
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Chong, M.F.F.
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Lee, Y.S.
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Chen, L.-W., Aris, I.M., Bernard, J.Y., Tint, M.T., Chia, A., Colega, M., Gluckman, P.D., Shek, L.P.C., Saw, S.M., Chong, Y.P., Yap, F., Godfrey, K.M., van Dam, R.M., Chong, M.F.F. and Lee, Y.S. (2017) Associations of maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy with offspring adiposity from birth until 54 months of age. Nutrients, 9 (1), 1-17. (doi:10.3390/nu9010002).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Most studies linking maternal diet with offspring adiposity have focused on single nutrients or foods, but a dietary pattern approach is more representative of the overall diet. We thus aimed to investigate the relations between maternal dietary patterns and offspring adiposity in a multi-ethnic Asian mother–offspring cohort in Singapore. We derived maternal dietary patterns using maternal dietary intake information at 26–28 weeks of gestation, of which associations with offspring body mass index (BMI), abdominal circumference (AC), subscapular skinfold (SS), and triceps skinfold (TS) were assessed using longitudinal data analysis (linear mixed effects (LME)) and multiple linear regression at ages 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 24, 36, 48, and 54 months. Three dietary patterns were derived: (1) vegetables-fruit-and-white rice (VFR); (2) seafood-and-noodles (SfN); and (3) pasta-cheese-and-bread (PCB). In the LME model adjusting for potential confounders, each standard deviation (SD) increase in maternal VFR pattern score was associated with 0.09 mm lower offspring TS. Individual time-point analysis additionally revealed that higher VFR score was generally associated with lower postnatal offspring BMI z-score, TS, SS, and sum of skinfolds (SS + TS) at ages 18 months and older. Maternal adherence to a dietary pattern characterized by higher intakes of fruit and vegetables and lower intakes of fast food was associated with lower offspring adiposity.

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Accepted/In Press date: 16 December 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 22 December 2016
Published date: January 2017
Organisations: MRC Life-Course Epidemiology Unit

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 404220
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/404220
PURE UUID: 9eca105e-1360-4e61-b934-4b0e415ce3dd
ORCID for K.M. Godfrey: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4643-0618

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Date deposited: 04 Jan 2017 10:00
Last modified: 17 Dec 2019 02:01

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Contributors

Author: L.-W. Chen
Author: I.M. Aris
Author: J.Y. Bernard
Author: M.T. Tint
Author: A. Chia
Author: M. Colega
Author: P.D. Gluckman
Author: L.P.C. Shek
Author: S.M. Saw
Author: Y.P. Chong
Author: F. Yap
Author: K.M. Godfrey ORCID iD
Author: R.M. van Dam
Author: M.F.F. Chong
Author: Y.S. Lee

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