The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Social, economic and cultural influences on adolescent nutrition and physical activity in Jimma, Ethiopia: perspectives from adolescents and their caregivers

Social, economic and cultural influences on adolescent nutrition and physical activity in Jimma, Ethiopia: perspectives from adolescents and their caregivers
Social, economic and cultural influences on adolescent nutrition and physical activity in Jimma, Ethiopia: perspectives from adolescents and their caregivers

Objective:To explore influences on adolescent diet and physical activity, from the perspectives of adolescents and their caregivers, in Jimma, Ethiopia.Design:Qualitative design, using focus group discussions (FGD).Setting:A low-income setting in Jimma, Ethiopia.Participants:Five FGD with adolescents aged 10-12 years and 15-17 years (n 41) and three FGD with parents (n 22) were conducted.Results:Adolescents displayed a holistic understanding of health comprising physical, social and psychological well-being. Social and cultural factors were perceived to be the main drivers of adolescent diet and physical activity. All participants indicated that caregivers dictated adolescents' diet, as families shared food from the same plate. Meals were primarily determined by caregivers, whose choices were driven by food affordability and accessibility. Older adolescents, particularly boys, had opportunities to make independent food choices outside of the home which were driven by taste and appearance, rather than nutritional value. Many felt that adolescent physical activity was heavily influenced by gender. Girls' activities included domestic work and family responsibilities, whereas boys had more free time to participate in outdoor games. Girls' safety was reported to be a concern to caregivers, who were fearful of permitting their daughters to share overcrowded outdoor spaces with strangers.Conclusions:Adolescents and caregivers spoke a range of social, economic and cultural influences on adolescent diet and physical activity. Adolescents, parents and the wider community need to be involved in the development and delivery of effective interventions that will take into consideration these social, economic and cultural factors.

Adolescent, Ethiopia, Jimma, Nutrition, Physical activity, Qualitative
1368-9800
1-9
Abera, Mubarek
0fca6cc6-816d-4961-85fe-ec2e0c72b8a8
Hardy-Johnson, Polly
49276c2f-01a9-4488-9f30-dc359cf867e0
Abdissa, Alemseged
abbd600e-628f-4c8d-a875-698595e1fbee
Workicho, Abdulhalik
a21f1063-64ee-42e3-9a2c-bb47e3729779
Ali, Rahma
ca95e71a-9cc8-4a41-bdb4-1a9a19a047fd
Weller, Susan
6ad1e079-1a7c-41bf-8678-bff11c55142b
Fall, Caroline
7171a105-34f5-4131-89d7-1aa639893b18
Kehoe, Sarah
534e5729-632b-4b4f-8401-164d8c20aa26
Barker, Mary
374310ad-d308-44af-b6da-515bf5d2d6d2
Haileamlak, Abraham
7d7e77bf-27d9-45e0-800f-fd62a8713534
TALENT collaboration
Abera, Mubarek
0fca6cc6-816d-4961-85fe-ec2e0c72b8a8
Hardy-Johnson, Polly
49276c2f-01a9-4488-9f30-dc359cf867e0
Abdissa, Alemseged
abbd600e-628f-4c8d-a875-698595e1fbee
Workicho, Abdulhalik
a21f1063-64ee-42e3-9a2c-bb47e3729779
Ali, Rahma
ca95e71a-9cc8-4a41-bdb4-1a9a19a047fd
Weller, Susan
6ad1e079-1a7c-41bf-8678-bff11c55142b
Fall, Caroline
7171a105-34f5-4131-89d7-1aa639893b18
Kehoe, Sarah
534e5729-632b-4b4f-8401-164d8c20aa26
Barker, Mary
374310ad-d308-44af-b6da-515bf5d2d6d2
Haileamlak, Abraham
7d7e77bf-27d9-45e0-800f-fd62a8713534

Abera, Mubarek, Hardy-Johnson, Polly, Abdissa, Alemseged, Workicho, Abdulhalik, Ali, Rahma, Weller, Susan, Fall, Caroline, Kehoe, Sarah, Barker, Mary and Haileamlak, Abraham , TALENT collaboration (2020) Social, economic and cultural influences on adolescent nutrition and physical activity in Jimma, Ethiopia: perspectives from adolescents and their caregivers. Public Health Nutrition, 1-9. (doi:10.1017/S1368980020001664).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objective:To explore influences on adolescent diet and physical activity, from the perspectives of adolescents and their caregivers, in Jimma, Ethiopia.Design:Qualitative design, using focus group discussions (FGD).Setting:A low-income setting in Jimma, Ethiopia.Participants:Five FGD with adolescents aged 10-12 years and 15-17 years (n 41) and three FGD with parents (n 22) were conducted.Results:Adolescents displayed a holistic understanding of health comprising physical, social and psychological well-being. Social and cultural factors were perceived to be the main drivers of adolescent diet and physical activity. All participants indicated that caregivers dictated adolescents' diet, as families shared food from the same plate. Meals were primarily determined by caregivers, whose choices were driven by food affordability and accessibility. Older adolescents, particularly boys, had opportunities to make independent food choices outside of the home which were driven by taste and appearance, rather than nutritional value. Many felt that adolescent physical activity was heavily influenced by gender. Girls' activities included domestic work and family responsibilities, whereas boys had more free time to participate in outdoor games. Girls' safety was reported to be a concern to caregivers, who were fearful of permitting their daughters to share overcrowded outdoor spaces with strangers.Conclusions:Adolescents and caregivers spoke a range of social, economic and cultural influences on adolescent diet and physical activity. Adolescents, parents and the wider community need to be involved in the development and delivery of effective interventions that will take into consideration these social, economic and cultural factors.

Text
FINAL Revised Version Manuscript_ Jimma - Accepted Manuscript
Download (91kB)
Text
Title page rev 1
Download (18kB)
Text
Supplementary
Download (19kB)

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 15 May 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 30 July 2020
Keywords: Adolescent, Ethiopia, Jimma, Nutrition, Physical activity, Qualitative

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 441043
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/441043
ISSN: 1368-9800
PURE UUID: 5e26c0c8-74ef-46ad-a843-e9a6fbb415a3
ORCID for Susan Weller: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6839-876X
ORCID for Caroline Fall: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4402-5552
ORCID for Sarah Kehoe: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2584-7999
ORCID for Mary Barker: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2976-0217

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 28 May 2020 16:57
Last modified: 28 Apr 2022 02:13

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Mubarek Abera
Author: Polly Hardy-Johnson
Author: Alemseged Abdissa
Author: Abdulhalik Workicho
Author: Rahma Ali
Author: Susan Weller ORCID iD
Author: Caroline Fall ORCID iD
Author: Sarah Kehoe ORCID iD
Author: Mary Barker ORCID iD
Author: Abraham Haileamlak
Corporate Author: TALENT collaboration

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×