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Dietary patterns of five-year-old children and their correlates: findings from a multi-ethnic Asian cohort

Dietary patterns of five-year-old children and their correlates: findings from a multi-ethnic Asian cohort
Dietary patterns of five-year-old children and their correlates: findings from a multi-ethnic Asian cohort
There is limited data on the dietary patterns of 5-year-old children in Asia. The study examined childhood dietary patterns and their maternal and child correlates in a multi-ethnic Asian cohort. Based on caregiver-reported one-month quantitative food frequency questionnaires of 777 children from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) cohort, cluster analysis identified two mutually exclusive clusters. Children in the “Unhealthy” cluster (43.9%) consumed more fries, processed meat, biscuits and ice cream, and less fish, fruits and vegetables compared to those in the “Healthy” cluster (56.1%). Children with mothers of lower educational attainment had twice the odds of being assigned to the “Unhealthy” cluster (adjusted OR (95% CI) = 2.19 (1.49-3.24)). Children of Malay and Indian ethnicities had higher odds of being assigned to the “Unhealthy” cluster (adjusted OR = 25.46 (15.40-42.10) and 4.03 (2.68-6.06)) respectively, relative to Chinese ethnicity. In conclusion, this study identified two dietary patterns in children, labelled as the “Unhealthy” and “Healthy” clusters. Mothers’ educational attainment and ethnicity were two correlates that were associated with the children’s assignments to the clusters. These findings can assist in informing health promotion programmes targeted at Asian children.
Asian, Children, Cluster analysis, Correlates, Dietary patterns
0007-1145
Sugianto, Ray
afe12fdc-259b-4bd7-a228-a0728de943a0
Toh, Jia Ying
bae40ae7-536e-451c-a758-b2b8674681ac
Wong, Shu Fang
93ae40bb-3e68-4fd4-896c-d054d9ac204d
Tint, M.T.
02d6a006-3b94-4328-b3c3-147a618d66c3
Colega, Marjorelee T.
75c5e6c9-9b67-46b9-90e6-e63632163ed8
Lee, Y.S.
1bdb54fb-dd29-4857-8939-f4b0fba309b8
Yap, Fabian
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Shek, Lynette P.
9a77403c-0e0c-4536-a5ad-628ce94b279a
Tan, K.H.
5088c221-ae35-4063-a5b0-84565963688b
Godfrey, Keith
0931701e-fe2c-44b5-8f0d-ec5c7477a6fd
Chong, Y-S
436a467c-1372-4c9c-857c-7a913ba5fcb8
Tai, B.C.
d535f0c2-4847-4316-9310-0026e492b2bf
Chong, Mary Foong-Fong
1e188259-b1ab-4448-9e65-5b6a0fd99502
Sugianto, Ray
afe12fdc-259b-4bd7-a228-a0728de943a0
Toh, Jia Ying
bae40ae7-536e-451c-a758-b2b8674681ac
Wong, Shu Fang
93ae40bb-3e68-4fd4-896c-d054d9ac204d
Tint, M.T.
02d6a006-3b94-4328-b3c3-147a618d66c3
Colega, Marjorelee T.
75c5e6c9-9b67-46b9-90e6-e63632163ed8
Lee, Y.S.
1bdb54fb-dd29-4857-8939-f4b0fba309b8
Yap, Fabian
22f6b954-31fc-4696-a52b-e985a424b95b
Shek, Lynette P.
9a77403c-0e0c-4536-a5ad-628ce94b279a
Tan, K.H.
5088c221-ae35-4063-a5b0-84565963688b
Godfrey, Keith
0931701e-fe2c-44b5-8f0d-ec5c7477a6fd
Chong, Y-S
436a467c-1372-4c9c-857c-7a913ba5fcb8
Tai, B.C.
d535f0c2-4847-4316-9310-0026e492b2bf
Chong, Mary Foong-Fong
1e188259-b1ab-4448-9e65-5b6a0fd99502

Sugianto, Ray, Toh, Jia Ying, Wong, Shu Fang, Tint, M.T., Colega, Marjorelee T., Lee, Y.S., Yap, Fabian, Shek, Lynette P., Tan, K.H., Godfrey, Keith, Chong, Y-S, Tai, B.C. and Chong, Mary Foong-Fong (2021) Dietary patterns of five-year-old children and their correlates: findings from a multi-ethnic Asian cohort. British Journal of Nutrition. (doi:10.1017/S0007114521001434).

Record type: Article

Abstract

There is limited data on the dietary patterns of 5-year-old children in Asia. The study examined childhood dietary patterns and their maternal and child correlates in a multi-ethnic Asian cohort. Based on caregiver-reported one-month quantitative food frequency questionnaires of 777 children from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) cohort, cluster analysis identified two mutually exclusive clusters. Children in the “Unhealthy” cluster (43.9%) consumed more fries, processed meat, biscuits and ice cream, and less fish, fruits and vegetables compared to those in the “Healthy” cluster (56.1%). Children with mothers of lower educational attainment had twice the odds of being assigned to the “Unhealthy” cluster (adjusted OR (95% CI) = 2.19 (1.49-3.24)). Children of Malay and Indian ethnicities had higher odds of being assigned to the “Unhealthy” cluster (adjusted OR = 25.46 (15.40-42.10) and 4.03 (2.68-6.06)) respectively, relative to Chinese ethnicity. In conclusion, this study identified two dietary patterns in children, labelled as the “Unhealthy” and “Healthy” clusters. Mothers’ educational attainment and ethnicity were two correlates that were associated with the children’s assignments to the clusters. These findings can assist in informing health promotion programmes targeted at Asian children.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 1 April 2021
e-pub ahead of print date: 29 April 2021
Additional Information: Publisher Copyright: © 2021 The Authors. Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
Keywords: Asian, Children, Cluster analysis, Correlates, Dietary patterns

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 449067
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/449067
ISSN: 0007-1145
PURE UUID: e332bb8c-d788-4718-85cc-f36a3df8a3ef
ORCID for Keith Godfrey: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4643-0618

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 14 May 2021 16:31
Last modified: 26 Nov 2021 02:35

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Contributors

Author: Ray Sugianto
Author: Jia Ying Toh
Author: Shu Fang Wong
Author: M.T. Tint
Author: Marjorelee T. Colega
Author: Y.S. Lee
Author: Fabian Yap
Author: Lynette P. Shek
Author: K.H. Tan
Author: Keith Godfrey ORCID iD
Author: Y-S Chong
Author: B.C. Tai
Author: Mary Foong-Fong Chong

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